This world view is a set of values, beliefs, and attitudes that shapes the elite's perceptions of government and prevents deep divisions from arising. The hard ' fact is that they have to rule the country according to the consent of the masses. Elite theory is said to be the theory of the state of which a smallmember of the of richest members of the population control thecountry, despite the results of the election. The theory posits that a small minority, consisting of members of the economic elite and policy-planning networks, holds the most power and that this power is independent of a state's democratic elections process. Sometimes people who are newly rich enter the class and become assimilated. Foreign policy is a trunk. The Elliott Wave Theory says that the market can be in two large phases: Bull Market and Bear Market.
This was a new thing. Some of the points of criticism are: 1. What roles do the three parts of the pyramid--the elite, the middle level, and the masses--play in American politics? There has been a decline in the role of professional politician and as such, the corporate and military elites have gained ascendance. Some urged a conciliatory approach that would recognize Russia's legitimate security concerns. Conversely, industry now relies heavily on federal supports, subsidies, protection, and loans to ensure the success of its ventures. Such disagreements, which have become part of the background noise of national politics, occur so frequently as to be taken as proof that not one but a multiplicity of elites exist.
Members of the elite agree on the basic outlines of the free enterprise system including profits, private property, the unequal and concentrated distribution of wealth, and the sanctity of private economic power. The middle levels of government the Congress, the courts, the states worry mainly about how best to implement them. The elite give political education to the masses and they set certain model standards in the society. Criticism of Elitism : The elite theories which had been first advocated against Marxism have been put to searching questions and found lacking. If the proletarian revolution occurs it will merely result in the replacement of one ruling elite by another. But for the most part its activities hide an important point: Far from competing with the power elite, professional politicians today have lost their ability to control the nation's destiny.
Robert Dahl, author of Who Governs? These positions give their holders enormous authority over not just governmental, but financial, educational, social, civic, and cultural institutions as well. Because most people lack the inclination, time, or expertise necessary to decide political issues, these groups will speak for them. The role of the writers, artists, social workers and scientists ever more important than the bureaucrats and politicians. Elite theory assures that men may be equal in the eyes of God but they are not so in the eyes of man. Also Dahl argues that pressure groups, religious leaders, trade unions etc. Milton was admired by , the American revolutionary, and in the 1780s and defended the new institutions of the U.
A theory is just a hypothesis that has been tested by experimentsand observations. Cutting the twigs does not change the tree very much. They are the average men and women in the country who are powerless to hold the top level accountable. National defense swallowed a huge portion of the federal budget; it called for the maintenance of an enormous peacetime army; it led us into alliances with nations in the farthest corners of the globe, including some of the most corrupt and dictatorial regimes on earth; it demanded massive military aid programs; it consumed the talents of our scientific establishment and the attention of our national leaders. Wright Mills, among the best known power-elite theorists, the governing elite in the United States draws its members from three areas: 1 the highest political leaders including the president and a handful of key cabinet members and close advisers; 2 major corporate owners and directors; and 3 high-ranking military officers.
Do we need three types, or could we get along with two? Or it has greatest influence on their formation. This fits well in the original creation of the United States, where the Founding Fathers wished to move away from the very centralized, elite government of England. Instead of seeing hundreds of competing groups hammering out policy, the elite model perceives a pyramid of power. Some people think the power elite is a grand conspiracy. Most of the key decisions were made behind closed doors in the White House, the State Department, and the Pentagon.
The first alternative emphasized cooperation, the second containment; the first implied relatively modest national security efforts, the second enormous expenditures for arms and foreign aid. Finally, the government may attempt to resolve conflicting concerns within the nation as a whole through tradeoffs. For example, although federal law does not require private gun dealers people who sell guns but do not derive most of their income from doing so to conduct background checks before selling firearms to people at gun shows, some states have passed laws requiring this. Pluralism is especially relevant for the United States government, which has a decentralized government with many powers given to individual states, which then give powers to local governments to further decentralize power. Containing the Russians put us on a long and arduous path over which we trod for nearly half a century. Such disagreements, which have become part of the background noise of national politics, occur so frequently as to be taken as proof that not one but a multiplicity of elites exist. The war brought a bureaucratic centralization of power inside Washington and around the President when it came to issues of war and peace.
Mosca, Pareto, Michels, and Weber all saw these trends as a consequence of bureaucratic industrialism. However later versions of elite theory places less emphasis on the personal qualities of the powerful and more on the institutional framework of the society. It is not a dictatorship; it does not rely on terror, a secret police, or midnight arrests to get its way. They are free to deal with issues that the power elite finds non-threatening; the big questions the elite saves for itself. To be sure, business people and politicians constantly carp at each other.