Assignment Eastern and Western Philosophers Comparison Paper Philosophy has divided into two separate categories, the Eastern philosophy, and Western Philosophy. The Greek philosopher, Plato taught that there must be one supreme god above all others. The only source of truth is Jnana insight, compare to gnosis which is obtained through training by the guidance of a guru. This is a powerful statement that underlines the aim of following virtuous acts — bad is something which you do not want for yourself, good actions are the ones which you wish to be returned to you. Thus is it safe to say that Eastern philosophy is classical Chinese, while Western philosophy is more Latin in its roots.
The next two generations of Peripatetics spread out in two directions: literary history, in the form of histories of poetry, epic, tragedy, and comedy, as well as biographies of famous writers, and physical science. In reality nothing would be more tedious. Although Socrates had survived unharmed through the regime of the Thirty Tyrants—partly because it did not last long and partly because he was supported by some close relatives of their leader, Critias—it was under the restored democracy that he was accused of impiety and of corrupting the youth and finally condemned to death, largely also in consequence of his attitude during the trial. Within this apeiron something arose to produce the opposites of hot and cold. Why do some philosophers think that God does not exist, while others believe that we would not exist without God? Although they have often been dismissed as logical nonsense, many attempts have also been made to dispose of them by means of mathematical theorems, such as the theory of convergent series or the theory of sets. Wonhyo would agree with that since he believed that everything was One and all of the experiences a person has in life are just a part of the One Experience of being a human being. The employer tries to make the most of their assets and from their workers at minimum expense.
It has also influenced and in turn been influenced by the teachings of the Abrahamic religions Jewish philosophy, Christian philosophy, and Islamic philosophy. Life became troubled and insecure. Basically, Western philosophy is referred to as the school of thought from Greek philosophy that influenced the greater part of Western civilization. One hundred percent of his western heritage students focused mainly on the fish and other creatures in the scene, while one hundred percent of his eastern heritage students concentrated on the rocks, plants, and water, seemingly regarding the fish and such as almost inconsequential. Each of these branches plays a role with culture to develop thoughts in human beings by wondering, a dynamic process, the truth, and wisdom. The eastern mindset is one of watching, of observing and contemplating. The most important and fundamental Form is that of the.
As Fung 1984 states that from a philosophical perspective, the highest achievement a man could realize is to be a sage and the daily task of dealing with social affairs in human relations is a part of the process of being a sage. This is a fascinating idea which not only led to India's independence during the Indian independence movement, but also inspired movements for freedom and civil rights around the world,. Moreover, the Stoics from the beginning had acted as advisers of kings and statesmen. One of the greatest philosophers from the eastern school of philosophy, Confucius was a just and righteous man, who adhered to ancient Chinese customs, ideals and conformed to the principles pre-laid by ancient sages. In the , Plato tried to construct a complete system of physics, partly employing Pythagorean ideas.
Each law in turn is made by circumstances predominant. Behavioristic psychology is a soc … ial science. This he did by means of his famous , saying that the flying arrow rests since it can neither move in the place in which it is nor in a place in which it is not, and that cannot outrun a turtle because, when he has reached its starting point, the turtle will have moved to a further point, and so on ad infinitum—that, in fact, he cannot even start running, for, before the stretch to the starting point of the turtle, he will have to half of it, and again half of that, and so on ad infinitum. But it would be naive to say that the East is the opposite of all of these things. Though it is not his original meaning, this saying shows the difference between the personality of the ancient Chinese and Greeks from a geographical perspective. As Easterners do not have a system of principles and methods to solve problems, they take the principles of social life as methodology, which can be summarized as doctrine of the mean. In contrast, the Japanese prefer to discuss areas of agreement, with the expectation that harmony will lead to the resolution of details.
On his return to Athens, Plato founded the , an institution for the education of philosophers, and in the following years he produced, besides other dialogues, his great work, , in which he drew the outlines of an ideal. One thing, western philosophers focus more on experimenting and researching in order to find other ways to answer their questions while eastern philosophy tend to use past experiences and wise teachings and are more conventional in finding ways in answering their questions. The western mindset is one of doing, of observation and response. One also finds here the formation of a great many concepts that have continued to dominate Western philosophy and science to the present day. Finding answers is what a philosopher does and vague answers from eastern philosophy doesnt provide that.
If you do, nothing is hard work — no matter how many hours you put in. They didn't really make a distinction on: Metaphysics and Epistemology Philosophy and Religion Famous Eastern Philosophers The Difference between Western and Eastern Philosophy Western Philosophy In western philosophy the philosophers tend to use a lot of logic, reasoning and categorization. Eastern philosophy doesn't really work like this, which is a big part of the reason why I don't understand it. The Athenian Neoplatonists found refuge at the court of the Persian king died 579 , and in 535 they were permitted to return to Athens. Coming back, he may be less able to distinguish the shades because he has been blinded by the light outside; but he is the only one who knows reality, and he conducts his life accordingly. Over the centuries, Western Philosophy has strongly influenced and been influenced by Western religion, science, mathematics and politics. These can be seen in the following comparative study between the teachings of these two world religions.
What is the stuff of which it is made? The fundamental purpose of philosophy is to find meaning in one's life and purpose to one's path, and there is no major difference between eastern and western philosophy according to that understanding. Mostly in the west, there is a great amount of importance on being your own person and deciding things for yourself. There is no division between eastern or western philosophy when it comes to the most basic questions of what it means to be a human being. Always do what you are afraid to do. Eastern Christianity emphasizes an apophatic approach, hence Orthodox theology tends to be comfortable with contradiction.
To know God exists, one would have to presume the essence of God. But coveted for its own sake, it becomes oppressive to those subdued by it and harmful to the oppressor because he thus incurs the hatred of the oppressed. This fact represents an enormous advantage the human species has over all other animals, because it enables it to adapt to all sorts of circumstances. On the basis of the observation that different nations have different rules of conduct even in regard to things considered most sacred—such as the relations between the sexes, marriage, and burial—they concluded that most rules of conduct are conventions. This concept of a principle that remains the same through many transmutations is, furthermore, the presupposition of the that nothing can come out of nothing and that all of the comings to be and passings away that human beings observe are nothing but transmutations of something that essentially remains the same eternally. The fish more so, the water less so, in a certain sense.
Neither Thales nor Anaximander appear to have specified the way in which the other things arose out of water or apeiron. Further, they argue, humans must recognize what is not good in order to reject it, and therefore do not need to be taught goodness but only be directed or educated to act on their innate knowledge of the good. Some have studied under others and all have read the views and writings of all philosophers, but this has not kept others from trying to show disbelief in these views. When, after the overthrow of in in 404 bc, the so-called , who tried to involve everybody in their wrongdoing, ordered him to arrest an innocent citizen whose money they coveted, he simply disobeyed. They need relaxation and play, or amusement. All that must be taught is how to apply that innate knowledge appropriately, in the same way that a child is taught the appropriate way to ask for food.