More specifically, it is a matter of honor for monarchies, a matter of fear for despotic governments, a matter of moderation for republics, and a matter of equality for democracies. This distinction is made on the basis of the relation between the legislature and the executive, as Marriot did. Quarrels occur most of all in friendships based on usefulness because each is only using the other for his own benefit, but in friendships based on virtue quarrels are rare because the friends are eager to treat each other well. Welfare of the general public is no where in his agenda. Amazing his classification of gov't is still useful after 25 centuries.
If a single man rules it may be tyranny or kingship and here there is no confusion. Still, the aim of the relationship is primarily selfish, and the relationship ends as soon as it stops producing pleasure for one of the friends. They include the Food and Agriculture Organization, the International Atomic Energy Agency, the International Civil Aviation Organization, the International Court of Justice World Court , the International Labor Organization, the International Monetary Fund, the World Health Organization, and the International Telecommunication Union. A state with several rulers is either an aristocracy oran oligarchy. I not only took it as a man does his wife, for better for worse, but what few men do with their wives.
This is known as Aristotelian cycle or progression. I prefer the table we present, but this video is otherwise good. However, he thinks that combinations of true constitutions like monarchy, aristocracy and polity can make a true mixed government. Many of the actions of politicians and civil servants can be explained by the need to maintain and enhance their power. Aristocracy : Aristocracy as defined by Aristotle is the rule of the few best men. In a monarchy, one man fUlcs the State according to the laws of the country. In addition, the political scientist must attend to existing constitutions even when they are bad.
It may identify itself with ancient traditions, with hope for the future, or with fear of a common enemy. Aristotle's primary classifications were Monarchy rule by one , Aristocracy rule by the best and Democracy people power. Question, if Obama is Commodus, then who is Bush 43? Again the goodness and values which the citizens uphold will also be of different kind. A state with only one ruler is either a monarchy or a tyranny. When the two have separate and co-ordinate powers and the executive is not responsible to the legislature, it is a presidential form of government.
In a democracy, supreme power rests ultimately with the people. Soon after Alexander succeeded his father, consolidated the conquest of the Greek city-states, and launched the invasion of the Persian Empire. So we can say, that even though Rousseau recognized the classical forms, he saw all governments as types of mixed Republics and all states as requiring unique mixes. An illustration of the basic forms of government. Secretary Of Health Paulyn Ubial ay isang corrupt ma miyembro ng Gabinete! Member states in a confederation retain their sovereignty, delegating to the central government only those powers that are essential for its maintenance. It is not surprising that such diverse political persuasions can lay claim to Aristotle as a source.
The national governments of these countries are clearly more powerful than those of their subdivisions, even though the constitutions delegate many powers and responsibilities to the subnational units. Liberty and equality are virtues, the danger philosophers realized is in excess. Aristotle treats kingship and aristocracy as an ideal constitution run by morally and practically virtuous people and aiming at the development and exercise of virtue. In addition, certain special districts exist with a single function, such as education or sanitation, and have their own elected officials. For instance, we have long known the dangers of Pure Democracy, yet for some reason, we have many fans of pure Communism and Pure Anarco-Capitalism within our 7.
The debate between Monarchy, Tyranny, and popular governments can be gathered from reading three works. They were made kings because they were made benefactors and hence benefits could only be bestowed by virtuous men. Many of due to it being a lawful middle ground form of government. In the Prince, he dismisses the idea of Democracy, since one has never really existed as a successful state, and if you and along with , as it arguably should be makes it clear as day that he thinks a free Republic trumps a Hereditary Principality. These activities made the king popular among his subjects.
A polity occurs when all relevant citizens of the state participate in the decision making through open discussion, compromise, and conciliation. Because most people wish to be liked more than to like, most people like flatterers, who are friends in an inferior position. But in every constitution there is an absolute standard of goodness and when a man possesses it he will be regarded as a good man. But he raises a further question: Who ought to be citizens? Friendship between a husband and wife exists by nature for men and women tend to form couples by nature for the sake of reproduction and for supplying each other's needs. He therefore recommended the formation of polity, or constitutional government, since its degenerate form is the least harmful of the bad kinds of government. As far as practicable a state should consist of like and equal men who constitute the middle class. The three classical forms are the only basic forms of government.