Common sense practices and training will also aid in reducing the damage done to groundwater sources. As the people living in these villages are helplessly consuming such hard water, the incidences of illnesses are high. . This will create an additional demand for water. Founded Conserve Energy Future with the sole motto of providing helpful information related to our rapidly depleting environment. This is not only due to flood irrigation and over-watering, but also because of improper water conservation measures and crop varieties which demand more water.
Recent drops in manufacturing jobs can be tied to companies being unable to access clean water. Second important cause is the presence acceptance of capitalistic democracy the turns humans into consumer machines. According to experts, the annual withdrawal of groundwater in India far exceeds the annual recharging of it, and that there is no simple solution to this complex issue. By 2025, 60 million ha will be irrigated by using ground water and by 2050, the area under ground water will increase to 70 million ha. Over 60-80 million ha of denuded forestlands and wastelands across the country are unable to retain rainwater which in turn would have ensured recharging of ground water and conservation of biodiversity. Contamination of fresh water sources by industrial waste has sullied the waters of all major rivers. Farm ponds are very effective for reducing the soil erosion and recharging of ground water.
Civilizations were born and lost on account of water. Interlinking of rivers will help in preventing floods while improving water distribution in the country. As the potential for increasing the volume of utilisation of water is hardly 5-10%, India is bound to face severe scarcity of water in the near future. There is further potential to increase the area under irrigation to 140 m ha, 76 m ha through surface water and 64 m ha by using ground water. Only 30% rural population has access to toilet facilities while 65% urban people use toilets. Feeling blessed to have such wonderful readers. Animals will also die, which will result in a lack of meat as well.
I think you have made some good points and it really is a complex issue. By using this small principle outlet discharge less than or equal to inlet discharge we can make use of existing bore wells tube wells which are not in use because of their less supply of water and save lot of money of nation and can serve nation more effectively. This issue is reinforced each day by a growing population, rapid urbanization and the growing demand for water from agriculture, energy and industry. Presently, billions of tons of fertile soils along with precious nutrients are washed out of our fertile agricultural lands and forests. Thus, rewards and punishments should be introduced for persuading people to make optimum use of the precious water. Against the above supply, the water consumed during the year 2006 in India was 829 billion m3 which is likely to increase to 1093 billion m3 in 2025 and 1047 billion m3 in 2050, as estimated by the Government of India 2009.
While the per capita consumption of cereals will decrease by 9%, 47% and 60%, with respect to rice, coarse cereals and maize, the per capita consumption of sugar, fruits and vegetables will increase by 32%, 65% and 78% respectively, during the period from 2000 to 2050. Main factors that contribute to this issue include poor management of resources, lack of government attention, and man made waste. It is disturbing to note that only 18% of the rainwater is used effectively while 48% enters the river and most of which reaches the ocean. Chennai and Bangalore suffer from 53. Such soils with high concentrations turn into sodic wastelands, unfit for agricultural production. Rural areas are also badly affected by a lack of access to clean water.
Excessive use of groundwater for agriculture has also caused a strain in the resource. Another key economic implication of water scarcity is the effect on agriculture. Though the Indian government is trying hard to deal with water scarcity issue in India the problem is still huge. Car sales, a proxy for consumer spending, are already up. It is estimated that effective area under irrigation by 2025 will be 76 million ha, although the Government of India is estimating to cover 104 million ha.
Image copyright Getty Images Image caption Thousands of Indians die each year as they have no access to clean water India is facing its worst-ever water crisis, with some 600 million people facing acute water shortage, a government think-tank says. The problem is not water, it is people. In rural and urban area there are so many tube wells bore wells , if we adjust the pipe diameter and capacity of pump and introducing one regulatory valve at outlet, we can adjust the outlet discharge from the bore well less than or equal to the inlet discharge i. It has been already found that the third of the world is suffering from water shortages. For global firms controlling costs is difficult but it worsens when the price of water increases exponentially to where margins shrink precariously.
The story repeats itself across urban centers in India. Official data shows that in the past decade, annual per capita availability of water in the country has plummeted significantly. India also has 2 million ha of ravine lands particularly in the states of Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan, where excessive soil erosion is damaging good agricultural lands, while flooding the rivers. Additional 36 million ha were being developed under the watershed development programme during the Eleventh Five Year Plan. Should the crisis continue unabated, the scarcity of water will have a negative impact on the industrial health of the country. Watershed development programme introduced almost about three decades ago, had covered over 51 million ha by the end of the Tenth Five Year Plan. Gujarat Gujarat, either lime lighted for politics or for water crises.
It has been estimated that over 70% of the irrigation water is wasted by depriving irrigation to other dry areas. This might severely impact the tourism industry in this hill resort, experts have said. In 1951, the per capita water availability was about 5177 m3. The approximation of the untreated water entering the water sources such as rivers and lakes is 90 percent and only furthers the problem. Global water availability 70% of the earth surface is covered with water, which amounts to 1400 million cubic kilometres m km3.