Thus the law sought to solve the twin problems of increasing the number of men eligible for military service thereby boosting Rome's and also providing for homeless war veterans. Mucius then began to put the business again to the vote; but nothing could be performed in the usual course and order, because of the disturbance caused by those who were on the outside of the crowd, where there was a struggle going on with those of the opposite party, who were pushing on and trying to force their way in and establish themselves among them. Naturally this did not go over big with the landowners so both brothers were murdered for their ideas. Tiberius was the elder by nine years; owing to which their actions as public men were divided by the difference of the times in which those of the one and those of the other were performed. A sympathetic senator, Fulvius Flaccus, was able to make his way to Tiberius to warn him that the Senate was seated and plotting to kill him, having armed slaves and their men since they could not convince the consul to do the deed. The senate was responsible for the treasury and for overseas affairs was enraged.
After the war was over, much of this conquered land would then be sold to or rented to various members of the populace. He disliked how the senate doesn't help the poor or the homeless. In so close a situation his successes are the more remarkable. But his purpose was not democratic, for none of his measures intended the permanent replacement of the Senate and the annual officers of state by the popular Assembly. Such fears tipped the Senate from hatred and paranoia into committing the first outright bloodshed in Republican politics.
His doing so made some people more kindly toward the Senate. The Assembly, fearing for Tiberius's safety, escorted him home. Tiberius Gracchus was elected Tribune of the People, an office that meant he represented the lower classes. A hundred years before his lifetime, Rome had controlled an area only slightly beyond Italy. This group helped Tiberius draw up his land reform bill, the purpose of which was to distribute land held by the state to city and rural poor while recognizing the rights of existing renters. He who assails the power of the people is no longer a tribune at all.
Gaius Gracchus showed how a tribune with the backing of the city poor and the equestrians could maneuver successfully against the senatorial leadership. Ignoring the law that restricted any private landowner to 500 iugera a iugerum was equal to 0. However, he went towards the capitol as soon as he understood that the people were assembled there; but before he got out of the house he stumbled upon the threshold with such violence, that he broke the nail of his great toe, insomuch that blood gushed out of his shoes. It is also called the Lex Agraria or Law Agraria. Lengthy clauses exactly regulated the distribution and collection of voting tablets and the counting of the vote. Whereupon Fulvius sent his son back again unto them, to speak for them as he had done before.
When the king left his fortune to the people of Rome, Tiberius proposed using that money to purchase and distribute land to the poor. It was Tiberius, as quaestor, who saved the army from destruction by signing a with the Numantines, an action generally reserved for a. I don't really care much about politics, but Tiberius seemed a good politician. Lesson Four Introduction There was a rule among the Roman tribunes, that if even one of them disagreed with a proposal, the whole thing would be overthrown. To support this he posited that other sacrosanct office holders were seized when they violated their duties, such as Vestal Virgins or the Roman kings, done so the state would benefit from their removal.
Tiberius' cousin, , the newly elected Pontifex Maximus, saying that Tiberius wished to make himself king, demanded that the consul take action. For he so transferred all the government of the commonwealth from the Senate, unto the judgement of the people: to teach the orators by his example, that in their orations they should behold the people, not the Senate. An agrarian commission was set up to implement the law, but the senate gave it paltry funds and did its best to obstruct it. And where they hated Gaius for that he had charged the poor citizens with an annual rent for the lands that were divided unto them: Livius in contrary manner did please them by disburdening them of that rent and payment, letting them have the lands scot free. The first established a system to provide wheat, usually at a subsidized price, to Roman citizens who inhabited the now overgrown metropolis of Rome, where urban employment and prices were equally irregular.
The senate rejected the idea because they thought he just wanted to be wealthy. The people also wondered much to behold him only, seeing always such a number of labourers, artificers, ambassadors, officers, soldiers, and learned men, whom he easily satisfied and dispatched, keeping still his estate, and yet using great courtesy and civility, entertaining every one of them privately: so that he made his accusers to be found liars, that said he was a stately man, and very cruel. You might write a monologue for each of them. The senators threatened to prosecute Tiberius after the end of his term. However, he did not draw up his law without the advice and assistance of those citizens that were then most eminent for their virtue and authority; amongst whom were Crassus, the high-priest, Mucius Scaevola, the lawyer, who at that time was consul, and Claudius Appius, his father-in-law. The only thing also that persuaded the people to think that Drusus meant uprightly, and that he only respected the profit of the common people, was that he never preferred any law for himself, or for his own benefit. But what could you do if a proposal was very, very important to you? There, because of his influence with the Sardinians, Gaius persuaded them to help relieve the plight of the Roman soldiers stationed on the island.
Is it not inconceivable that a tribune should have power to imprison a consul, and the people have no authority to degrade him when he uses that honour which he received from them, to their detriment? Gaius Gracchus Tiberius was succeeded by his younger brother, Gaius Gracchus, who was also a social reformer. They mainly promoted land reform, or more accurately, land redistribution. Besides this, Tiberius, that he might incense the people yet more, put himself into mourning, brought his children amongst the crowd, and entreated the people to provide for them and their mother, as if he now despaired of his own security. Three thousand of his supporters were subsequently arrested and put to death in the proscriptions that followed. It had the added benefit of keeping the Roman mob happy, while temporarily replacing the Gracchus status of popular champion with their own man, Drusus. They got other tribunes to oppose the reforms. Meanwhile, Tiberius and his supporters armed themselves.
The tribunates of Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus began a turbulent period in Rome's domestic politics, and their careers and untimely deaths emphasize both the strengths and the weaknesses of the tribunate. But she refused, and in her widowhood lost all her children, but one daughter whom she bestowed upon the younger Scipio Africanus , and Tiberius and Gaius, whose lives we presently write. Although it may have begun as an attempt to disperse the electoral meeting, it ended with the clubbing to death of Tiberius and about 300 of his supporters and the throwing of their bodies into the river. They basically wanted public lands to be distributed to the poor, and not to be used by the wealthy. This Scipio married the sister of the Gracchi. In the riot that followed, Tiberius Gracchus was killed.
Gaius realized that, by fostering sectional advantages, the influence of the wealthy upper class of landowners and businessmen outside the Senate known as could be largely detached from its traditional support of the senatorial and combined with the votes of the poorer citizens to carry reforms that no single group could manage by itself. An increase in the register of citizens in the next decade suggests a large number of land allotments. They advocated confiscating the property of the wealthy and distributing it to the poor. Scipio Aemilianus played a significant role in supporting Tiberius and his officers, but failed to prevent further punishment meted out to Mancinus nor did he support the ratification of Tiberius' treaty. Tiberius Gracchus had a lot of military experience that helped him earn his titles in the Roman senate. The Gracchus brothers wanted land reform. And therefore, when the army were already upon their march, he returned to Numantia, accompanied with only three or four of his friends; and making his application to the officers of the Numantines, he entreated that they would return him his books, lest his enemies should have it in their power to reproach him with not being able to give an account of the moneys intrusted to him.