He is mercilessly whipped then left for the crowds to deride and abuse. Archdeacon Claude Frollo appears and stops the parade and orders Quasimodo back to Notre Dame with him. The narrator gives a lecture on that. When Quasimodo sees this, he grabs Frollo and throws him from the tower. Phœbus, meanwhile, is totally not dead.
The theme of the novel is expressed in the fact that these qualities of human character are at the mercy of a controlling fate. For example, by placing Gringoire in an awkward situation, Hugo lets his character introduce himself to any of the spectators that will listen. You can help us out by revising, improving and updating this section. As Esmeralda is put to death Frollo laughs, and this proves too much for Quasimodo. Quasimodo mistakes their intent and, thinking that they mean the gypsy harm, batters them with beams and stones and molten lead.
Still, this understanding is not considered by Hugo. Just then, the procession of the Pope of Fools enters the Place de Grève with Quasimodo as its centerpiece, and the bald priest from earlier, whom Gringoire recognizes as the Archdeacon Claude Frollo, puts a stop to it all by scolding Quasimodo. Gringoire gathers an army of Tramps, and one night, they attack the cathedral. It tells the story of a love triangle centered on Esmeralda, a beautiful Roma girl. Quasimodo, with the girl, is captured by Phoebus, Captain of the Guards, who frees the girl.
What makes a monster and what makes a man? We see him as a person, and for this reason, a reader manages to be able to experience compassion and sorrow for the fate of the hunchback. The two of them leave. Gringoire's actors appear onstage, each representing a different class of French society: Clergy, Nobility, Trade, and Labor. Frollo drags Esmeralda to the Place de Grève and demands that she choose between him and the gallows. GradeSaver, 28 February 2018 Web. He begs for water, but no one answers his pleas until La Esmerelda comes forth and brings him something to drink. He bellows out in despair and grabs Frollo by the neck.
In his secret cell at Notre Dame, he plans to trap La Esmerelda like a spider catching a fly with its web. Seeing a fly caught in a spider's web, he goes on a tirade about fate. The clear and concise style makes for easy understanding, providing the perfect opportunity to improve your literary knowledge in no time. At first, she finds it hard to even look at Quasimodo, but they form an uneasy friendship. Then he sees Frollo watching the Place de Grève from one of the towers.
Pierre Gringoire, the playwright, does not know whether he should wait for the Cardinal, who is running late, or face the wrath of the angry mob. The book is largely a work of social criticism. Frollo asks Pierre Gringoire to help him rescue Esmeralda from the cathedral. The cathedral does not intervene and it does no intercede; it merely stand uncrumbling through time a witness to the fates playing out within. Quasimodo rushes to Esmeralda's room only to find it empty.
When the two men leave, Jehan crawls out of his hiding place and meets up with Phœbus. Frollo, unable to bear the sight of Esmeralda in Notre Dame conspires to take her away. He has only one operable eye. Claude Frollo has prompted Quasimodo to take the woman back to the cathedral. In fifteenth century Paris, the townspeople are celebrating the festival of Epiphany where Quasimodo, the deformed bell ringer, is elected the King of Fools. He offers her two choices: she can either say she loves him or be hanged.
He is a playwright and a philosopher, who values himself very much and considers his life as the most important thing on the planet. The clear and concise style makes for easy understanding, providing the perfect opportunity to improve your literary knowledge in no time. Commentary The Hunchback of Notre Dame was Hugo's first novel after a series of successful plays. Turns out Frollo is Quasimodo's master. Frollo convinces him with philosophical arguments and tricks him into believing that he is destined to die saving Esmeralda. Esmeralda approaches the public stocks and gives him a drink of water; she, despite the previous kidnapping attempt, hears his cries and is moved to pity.
These issues had recently raised a political storm in the July 1830 Revolution, just as Hugo was writing the novel. Suddenly, the Cardinal enters the Palace. Regrettably, it turns out that both he and his judge are deaf, one from old age, the other from ringing bells. While the crowd harasses him, he asks for some water. An editor will review the submission and either publish your submission or provide feedback. Through the novel, Hugo also aims to emphasize the value of Gothic architecture, which at the time was often disregarded in favor of new styles of buildings.
When she shows Esmeralda the little shoe of her lost child, Esmeralda produces its mate from the necklace she always wears. This importance placed on architecture can be seen from the lengthy descriptions scattered throughout the book. It tells the story of a love triangle centered on Esmeralda, a beautiful Roma girl. Although he had written one other novel Han d'Islande, 1823 , he had not really been known as a novelist. The Hunchback of Notre Dame Summary By the time Victor Hugo wrote The Hunchback of Notre Dame published in French as Notre-Dame de Paris , he had already made a name for himself as a poet and dramatist.