Thus, the material is reduced and a new basis of information separate from the original text comes into existence ibid. The versatility of case study research to accommodate the researcher's philosophical position presents a unique platform for a range of studies that can generate greater insights into areas of inquiry. The work is oozing with insightful cases, research and uncommon wisdom. Finally the use of qualitative content analysis for developing case studies is examined and evaluated. I like that Sake thinks of it as art, rather than communicating it solely as science. His vast experience in the field and in the classroom and his intimate knowledge of the literature intersect, providing the reader with an unusually comprehensive portrayal of a specialized field. Researchers will learn about the person or persons that are part of the case by speaking with these people.
The method requires integrated, holistic comprehension of the case, but in the larger studies, no one individual can handle the complexity p. These two types of case studies help researchers find the one that best suits their research questions and interests. The creation of knowledge through case study research. Study design: Multi-site, mixed method collective case study. Merriam, however is much more focused and process oriented in her approach to the case study method.
. She points out to the necessity to build high levels of trust and rapport when working with individuals. The evaluation of the introduction of a quality management system: a process-oriented case study in a large rehabilitation hospital. Professions including the social sciences, education, health, law, management, business, and urban planning have embraced case study research, demonstrating these outcomes. Besides, we also saw that case study research has a major function in generating hypotheses and build theory. As has already been mentioned, many experts in the field of socio-scientific research suggest using and combining several methods—so-called triangulation or cross-examination—in order to obtain more valid results see Sections 1.
Practical, informal, learning opportunities were valued by students. Has the writer made sound assertions, neither over- or under-interpreting? Key contributors to case study research and major contextual influences on its evolution are included. J Health Serv Res Policy. Phase 2b: Practice context The cultures to which students are exposed i. The use of multiple sources of data data triangulation has been advocated as a way of increasing the internal validity of a study i.
Data Gathering: Are data-gathering activities outlined? Case studies are very artful, in that you're telling people's stories, so I appreciated that about this book. That is why the procedures need to be tested in a pilot study. Case Study Emergence Unlike the other approaches we discuss, case study research does not emerge from a particular social scientific tradition. The four conditions or tests are cf. As a final stage the results are processed. Selecting the case s The decision on how to select the case s to study is a very important one that merits some reflection. He graduated with an M.
Focus is on theory building. Mixing qualitative and quantitative methods: Triangulation in action. Case studies and theory development in the social sciences. Following this criterion the material is worked through and categories are deduced tentatively and step by step. Content The case: Is the case adequately defined? As matter of fact, case study as a research strategy comprises an all-encompassing method, which means that a number of methods may be used—either qualitative, quantitative or both cf. Focusing on the landmark works of three prominent methodologists, namely Robert Yin, Sharan Merriam, Robert Stake, I attempt to scrutinize the areas where their perspectives diverge, converge and complement one another in varying dimensions of case study research.
In multiple case studies, researchers study cases in depth individually as well as look across cases for similarities and differences. Irish Journal of Management, 23 2 , 1-17. It is important that data sources from different cases are, where possible, broadly comparable for this purpose even though they may vary in nature and depth. It was fairly easy to read through, and it would be good to read this again as you embark on your case study. The main points of case study research are presented only as far as they seem to be relevant for the analysis of the research question see 2. Was it edited well, then again with a last minute polish? Mixed methodology: Combining qualitative and quantitative approaches Vol.
On the first and more obvious level, data is triangulated by integrating different material and evidence see Section 5. Comparative Political Studies, 40 2 , 170-195. Her research interests include undergraduate and postgraduate nurse education with her current study focusing on the practice readiness of new graduate registered nurses in Australia. Despite the intention to make the commissioning system more transparent, personal relationships based on common professional interests, past work history, friendships and collegiality, remained as key drivers for sustainable innovation in service development. The main idea behind this concept is to discursively achieve mutual consent and accordance about the results of the analysis between the researchers and the researched.