Moses was a merciful meek man, and yet with what fury did he run through the camp, and cut the throats of three-and-thirty thousand of his dear Israelites, that were fallen into idolatry? The Shortest Way is frequently contrasted with another work of irony in the eighteenth century, which is considered to have succeeded in its use of the device, 's 1729. If it be not a crime, why do not we give them full licence? The doors of Mercy being always open to the returning part of the deluded people, let the obstinate be ruled with the rod of iron! But, says another hot and cold Objector, This is renewing Fire and Faggot! What will you do for your Sister in the day that she shall be spoken for? To talk of five shillings a month for not coming to the Sacrament, and one shilling per week for not coming to churchthis is such a way of converting people as never was known. If you would like to participate, please visit the project page, where you can join the and see a list of open tasks. The Subſtance of the ſame Religion is common to them both; and the Modes and Accidents are the things in which only they differ. As for the manner, I leave it to those hands who have a right to execute Gods justice on the nations and the Churchs enemies. How can we answer it to God, to the Church, and to our posterity, to leave them entangled with fanaticism, error, and obstinacy, in the bowels of the nationto leave them an enemy in their streets, that in time may involve them in the same crimes and endanger the utter extirpation of religion in the nation. There is no doubt but the Supreme Authority of a nation has in itself, a Power, and a right to that Power, to execute the Laws upon any part of that nation it governs.
The primitive Chriſtians were not more ſhie of a Heathen-Temple, or of Meat offer'd to Idols, nor the Jews of Swine's-Fleſh, than ſome of our Diſſenters are of the Church, and the Divine Service ſolemnized therein. If you can improve it further,. The History and Proceedings of the House of Commons: volume 3: 1695—1706. Defoe was supportive of religious freedom, though he was critical of the device and considered it hypocrisy. You have butchered one King! To this end, Her present Majesty seems reserved to enjoy the Crown, that the Ecclesiastic as well as Civil Rights of the Nation may be restored by her hand. The spirit of martyrdom is over; they that will go to church to be chosen sheriffs and mayors, would go to forty churches rather than be hanged. If ever you will eſtabliſh the beſt Chriſtian Church in the World.
The Shortest Way with the Dissenters. It was a great argument some people used against suppressing the old money, that it was a time of war, and it was too great a risk for the nation to run. Now, they find that they are in danger of the Church of England's just resentments! Perhaps being ironic or not, as the case may be , Defoe went simply further than anyone had been willing to go? Nay, to encourage us to be Eaſy with them, 'tis apparent, that they never had the Upper-hand of the Church, but they treated her with all the Severity, with all the Reproach and Contempt as was poſſible: What Peace, and what Mercy did they ſhew the Loyal Gentry of the Church of England in the time of their Triumphant Common-wealth? To talk of difficulty is to frighten ourselves with Chimeras and notions of a powerful Party, which are indeed a Party without power. And yet the title of barbarous and cruel will soon be taken off from this Law too. Nay, to encourage us to be easy with them, it is apparent that they never had the upper hand of the Church, but they treated her with all the severity, with all the reproach and contempt as was possible! Perhaps it may be said, That the Church is in no immediate danger from the Dissenters; and therefore it is time enough. I am not ſuppoſing that all the Diſſenters in England ſhou'd be Hang'd or Baniſh'd, but as in caſes of Rebellions and Inſurrections, if a few of the Ring-leaders ſuffer, the Multitude are diſmiſt, ſo a few obſtinate People being made Examples there's no doubt but the Severity of the Law would find a ſtop in the Compliance of the Multitude.
If you will leave your Poſterity free from Faction and Rebellion, this is the time. This is such a shame to a Christian Government that it is with regret I transmit it to posterity. The suppressing the Dissenters is not a harder work! Now, if as by their own acknowledgment, the Church of England is a true Church, and the Difference between them is only a few Modes and Accidents, Why ſhou'd we expect that they will ſuffer Gallows and Gallies, corporeal Puniſhment and Baniſhment for theſe Trifles; there is no queſtion but they will be wiſer; even their own Principles won't bear them out in it, they will certainly comply with the Laws, and with Reaſon, and tho' at the firſt, Severity may ſeem hard, the next Age will feel nothing of it; the Contagion will be rooted out; the Diſeaſe being cur'd, there will be no need of the Operation, but if they ſhould venture to trangreſs, and fall into the Pit, all the World muſt condemn their Obſtinacy, as being without Ground from their own Principles. At present, Heaven be praised! How did they treat the Clergy of the Church of England, ſequeſter'd the Miniſters, devour'd the Patrimony of the Church, and divided the Spoil, by ſharing the Church-Lands among their Soldiers, and turning her Clergy out to ſtarve; juſt ſuch Meaſure as they have mete, ſhou'd be meaſur'd to them again. The leading men of the Nation, the universal cry of the People, the unanimous request of the Clergy agree in this, that the Deliverance of our Church is at hand! Though he himself doesn't actually approve of these defenders of the Church, he's speaking in the voice of a defender of the Church here in order to criticize it. The Review of English Studies.
Now let us crucify the thieves. If men sin against God, affront His ordinances, rebel against His Church, and disobey the precepts of their superiors, let them suffer as such capital crimes deserve. No Gentlemen, the Time of Mercy is paſt, your Day of Grace is over; you ſhou'd have practis'd Peace, and Moderation, and Charity, if you expected any your ſelves. Nay, they have brought up their posterity in such prepossessed aversions to our holy religion, that the ignorant mob think we are all idolaters and worshippers of Baal, and account it a sin to come within the walls of our churches. The pamphlet generated a great deal of publicity over the handling of the issue by the Tory ministry. I answer, It is cruelty to kill a snake or a toad in cold blood, but the poison of their nature makes it a charity to our neighbours, to destroy those creatures! The Time is come, which all good men have wished for! Titlepage rule a long single piece.
This article has been rated as Low-importance on the project's. For this end, has Providence given such a Parliament! If one severe law were made and punctually executed, that whoever was found at a conventicle should be banished the nation, and the preacher be hanged, we should soon see an end of the tale. This was the cruelty of the Church of England! Defoe is notable for being one of the earliest practitioners of the novel and helped popularize the genre in Britain. You have told us, you are the Church established by Law, as well as others! But if they should venture to transgress, and fall into the pit; all the World must condemn their obstinacy, as being without ground from their own principles. If this could be done by gentle and easy methods, I should be glad; but the wound is corroded, the vitals begin to mortify, and nothing but amputation of members can complete the cure; all the ways of tenderness and compassion, all persuasive arguments, have been made use of in vain.
We hang men for trifles, and banish them for things not worth naming, but an offence against God and the Church, against the welfare of the world and the dignity of religion, shall be bought off for five shillings! In the years after his release, Defoe published several pamphlets that attempted to explain its purpose and his own views. He wrote this ode while in Newgate prison, and it was likely published on July 29, 1703, the first day he was made to stand in the pillory. So will religion flourish, and this divided nation be once again united. This will be cruelty in its nature! It was mercy to the rest, to make these examples! In December, Defoe published his own pamphlet, The Shortest Way, assuming the same stylistic conventions as the Sacheverell and the Tory publications. If ever you will ſuppreſs the Spirit of Enthuſiaſm.
If one be an extreme on one Hand, and one on another, 'tis equally deſtructive to the Truth, to have Errors ſettled among us, let them be of what Nature they will. But Juſtice is always Violence to the Party offending, for every Man is Innocent in his own Eyes. If the danger be real, the distance of it is no argument against, but rather a spur to quicken us to Prevention, lest it be too late hereafter. It is vain to trifle in this matter, the light foolish handling of them by mulcts, fines, etc. Let the obstinate be ruled with the rod of iron. They are not so numerous as the Protestants in France, and yet the French King effectually cleared the nation of them at once, and we do not find he misses them at home.
One of their leading Pastors, and a man of as much learning as most among them, in his Answer to a Pamphlet entitled An Enquiry into the Occasional Conformity, hath these words, p. In some texts he is even referred to as one of the founders, if not the founder, of the English novel. Will they go over to the enemy, if we do not prevent it by a union with them? The poem portrays Defoe as a good and virtuous man who cannot be shamed by the pillory because he has done no wrong. The pamphlet raised embarrassing questions about the handling of the issue by the Tory ministry, and led to Defoe's arrest for. The whole affair left a lasting impression on him, which can be felt in his writings.
The Substance of the same Religion is common to them both, and the Modes and Accidents are the things in which only they differ. If one ſevere Law were made, and punctually executed, that who ever was found at a Conventicle, ſhou'd be Baniſhed the Nation, and the Preacher be Hang'd, we ſhou'd ſoon ſee an end of the Tale, they wou'd all come to Church; and one Age wou'd make us all One again. What with popery on one hand, and schismatics on the other, how has she been crucified between two thieves! Had King James ſent all the Puritans in England away to the Weſt-Indies, we had been a national unmix'd Church; the Church of England had been kept undivided and entire. These have been the days of her humiliation and tribulation. To talk of the Difficulty, is to Frighten our ſelves with Chimaeras and Notions of a Powerful Party, which are indeed a Party without Power; Difficulties often appear greater at a diſtance, than when they are ſearch'd into with Judgment, and diſtinguiſh'd from the Vapours and Shadows that attend them. Stylistic Analysis We told you those Augustans were really into satire.