But he did not win the next election. But the disavowal was not in time to avoid political damage in the ongoing presidential race. It is by adopting and carrying out these principles under circumstances the most arduous and discouraging that the attempt has been made, thus far successfully, to demonstrate to the people of the United States that a national bank at all times, and a national debt except it be incurred at a period when the honor and safety of the nation demand the temporary sacrifice of a policy which should only be abandoned in such exigencies, are not merely unnecessary, but in direct and deadly hostility to the principles of their Government and to their own permanent welfare. An imperfect experience during the struggles of the Revolution was supposed to warrant the belief that the people would not bear the taxation requisite to discharge an immense public debt already incurred and to pay the necessary expen ses of the Government. John Tyler looks good as long as you focus only on his vetoes; we have already mentioned the bills he signed and his Texas intrigue, to which you can add suppression of the Dorr Rebellion in Rhode Island. Cole's political biography, Martin Van Buren and the American Political System Princeton, N. Jackson was now determined to make Van Buren president in 1836, and spent a great deal of his energy to accomplishing that goal.
Second, he argued that it was the role of the states to handle domestic issues, not the federal government. An imperfect experience during the struggles of the Revolution was supposed to warrant the belief that the people would not bear the taxation requisite to discharge an immense public debt already incurred and to pay the necessary expenses of the Government. If the national government did not sever its relationship with the suspended state banks — with their unredeemable, depreciating paper currency — then it would be in the same position as at the close of the War of 1812, when financial chaos had provided the impetus for chartering the Second Bank. The elegant New York State Capitol in Albany is home to the Hall of Governors where you can see portraits of all of New York State's chief executives. On the contrary, this branch of the fiscal affairs of the Government has been, and it is believed may always be, thus carried on with every desirable facility and security. They thus have a particular weakness for wartime presidents. It will serve also to illustrate more fully the principles by which I have been guided in reference to two contested points in our public policy which were earliest in their development and have been more important in their consequences than any that have arisen under our complicated and difficult, yet admirable, system of government.
A few changes and improvements in the details of the system, without affecting any principles involved in it, will be submitted to you by the Secretary of the Treasury, and will, I am sure, receive at your hands that attention to which they may on examination be found to be entitled. Having always been of opinion that the best preservative of the union of the States is to be found in a total abstinence from the exercise of all doubtful powers on the part of the Federal Government rather than in attempts to assume them by a loose construction of the Constitution or an ingenious perversion of its words, I have endeavored to avoid recommending any measure which I had reason to apprehend would, in the opinion even of a considerable minority of my fellow-citizens, be regarded as trenching on the rights of the States or the provisions of the hallowed instrument of our Union. He was not a daring, original intellect in the mold of John C. When a second suspension of specie payments spread to half the country's banks that October, it seemed to verify the administration's suspicion of state depositories. Most carefully were all these circumstances weighed, and the foundations of the new Government laid upon principles of reciprocal concession and equitable compromise. Van Buren was aware of the reservations people had about him, stating, Unlike all who have preceded me, the Revolution that gave us existence as one people was achieved at the period of my birth; and whilst I contemplate with grateful reverence that memorable event, I feel that I belong to a later age and that I may not expect my countrymen to weigh my actions with the same kind and partial hand.
And perhaps a more efficient way to attain that goal would have been to freely charter competitors with the Second Bank, with equal powers of interstate branching, rather than abolishing that institution altogether. In imitating their example I tread in the footsteps of illustrious men, whose superiors it is our happiness to believe are not found on the executive calendar of any country. Looking back to it as a sacred instrument carefully and not easily framed; remembering that it was throughout a work of concession and compromise; viewing it as limited to national objects; regarding it as leaving to the people and the States all power not explicitly parted with, I shall endeavor to preserve, protect, and defend it by anxiously referring to its provision for direction in every action. While avoiding foreign wars, he did more than maintain the domestic status quo. The removal of the Indians from within our settled borders is nearly completed.
Experienced generals have had the command of the troops, officers and soldiers have alike distinguished themselves for their activity, patience, and enduring courage, the army has been constantly furnished with supplies of every description, and we must look for the causes which have so long procrastinated the issue of the contest in the vast extent of the theater of hostilities, the almost insurmountable obstacles presented by the nature of the country, the climate, and the wily character of the savages. Machinations on the part of President John Tyler of Virginia and none other than John C. But there the similarities end. He was sworn in as the eighth president of the United States in 1837. Fifty years ago its rapid failure was boldly predicted.
The efforts of the several Governments who are anxiously seeking to suppress this traffic must, however, be directed against the facilities afforded by what are now recognized as legitimate commercial pursuits before that object can be fully accomplished. This suspension and the excesses in banking and commerce out of which it arose, and which were greatly aggravated by its occurrence, made to a great extent unavailable the principal part of the public money then on hand, suspended the collection of many millions accruing on merchants' bonds, and greatly reduced the revenue arising from customs and the public lands. Eisenhower, Agent of Destiny: The Life and Times of Gen eral Winfield Scott New York: Free Press, 1997 , pp. We have seen time gradually dispel every unfavorable foreboding and our Constitution surmount every adverse circumstance dreaded at the outset as beyond control. This time, Van Buren withdrew from the Democratic Party he had helped build. On top of his sincere desire for friendly relations with all foreign powers, Van Buren correctly foresaw that territorial expansion might split Democratic ranks.
This triumphant fulfillment of a lustrous career would prove short-lived, however. Nearly twenty years earlier Van Buren, serving in the New York legislature, had endorsed the prohibition of slavery in Missouri, as he would later support the Wilmot Proviso, barring the extension of slavery into the territories acquired from Mexico. A steady adherence on the part of the Government to the policy which has produced such salutary results, aided by judicious State legislation and, what is not less. The expenses of sustaining the troops employed in Florida have been gradually and greatly reduced through the persevering efforts of the War Department, and a reasonable hope may be entertained that the necessity for military operations in that quarter will soon cease. McFaul, The Politics of Jacksonian Finance Ithaca, N. As a young man, Van Buren began wearing fancy clothes to appear more sophisticated.
Corey's older work on The Crisis of 1830 — 1842 in Canadian-American Relations New Haven, Conn. Abroad we enjoy the respect and, with scarcely an exception, the friendship of every nation; at home, while our Government quietly but efficiently performs the sole legitimate end of political institutions—in doing the greatest good to the greatest number—we present an aggregate of human prosperity surely not elsewhere to be found. Federal vs State Authority During the election, the issue of federal versus state authority had been a key factor driving political divisions. Grover Cleveland, a later Democratic president who similarly confronted major depression, is actually in my opinion the strongest contender for superior accolades, but his signing the Interstate Commerce Act, his use of troops during the Pullman strike, and his involvement in the Venezuelan boundary dispute demonstrate a weaker commitment to free markets, civil liberties, and nonintervention. President William Henry Harrison died after less than a month in office and was succeeded by Vice President John Tyler; an apostate Democrat.
Rockwell of Connecticut, Congressional Globe, 30th Cong. He did not, however, withdraw from politics or cease to be a figure of national importance. It is hoped that by continuing to maintain this force in that quarter and by the exertions of the officers in command much will be done to put a stop to whatever portion of this traffic may have been carried on under the American flag and to prevent its use in a trade which, while it violates the laws, is equally an outrage on the rights of others and the feelings of humanity. President Van Buren addresses two points of concern: the rising incidence of mob action and abolitionist agitation, which he vowed to vote down. Mahon, History of the Second Seminole War, 1835 — 1842 Gainesville: University of Florida Press, 1967 ; Grant Foreman, Indian Removal: The Emigration of the Five Civilized Tribes of Indians Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1932.
The sudden and rapid distribution of the large surplus then in the Treasury and the equally sudden and unprecedentedly severe revulsion in the commerce and business of the country, pointing with unerring certainty to a great and protracted reduction of the revenue, strengthened the propriety of the earliest practicable reduction of the public expenditures. The domestic policies of the Van Buren presidency, however; did more than bequeath a superior financial regime. Its resources, however, are ample, and the reduced rates of compensation for the transportation service which may be expected on the future lettings from the general reduction of prices, with the increase of revenue that may reasonably be anticipated from the revival of commercial activity, must soon place the finances of the Department in a prosperous condition. Its stipulations are founded upon those principles of mutual liberality and advantage which the United States have always sought to make the basis of their intercourse with foreign powers, and it is hoped they will tend to foster and strengthen the commercial intercourse of the two countries. May her ways be ways of pleasantness and all her paths be peace! In justly balancing the powers of the Federal and State authorities difficulties nearly insurmountable arose at the outset and subsequent collisions were deemed inevitable.