Anecdotal information from Kino graduates suggests that the early control over their education continues to serve them well into college; they feel better equipped to manage their time and approach professors with questions. In the early grades, homework is simply not necessary. Using meta-analyses to answer the question: What are the important influences on school learning? These results were consistent in both elementary and high school levels. And because all the conclusions are tied to that number, all the conclusions may be completely invalid. Families need time at home to simply be together — without constraints from school.
But once the researchers controlled for other variables, such as the type of classes they had taken, that relationship disappeared, just as it had for Keith see note 2. Thirdly, doing homework will prepare students for the big end tests. Was the homework I was assigning teaching anything? One of my other favorite family assignments is the Baby Name Project. School Psychology Review, 17 4 , 644—650. Thus, homework can play a public relations role by 5 keeping parents informed about class activities and policies. Without further ado, here are the top five best arguments that will definitely convince any naysayers that homework is not something that should be done by kids. Pickering is a private consultant and Director of Staff Development in Littleton Public Schools, Littleton, Colorado;.
There's no good reason for such a striking discrepancy, nor do the authors offer any explanation. The arguments for homework are simple. Example problems from teachers and textbooks show you how to do an assignment. The truth is most districts or schools have a homework policy and schools feel obligated to give homework because they have a policy that says they give homework. One reason teachers give homework and attach a big part of your grade to it is to motivate you to keep up.
Many people have different opinions. This is the nature of research—it errs on the side of assuming that something does not work until substantial evidence establishes that it does. In this book and in a recent article in Phi Delta Kappan 2006b , he became quite personal in his condemnation of researchers. Rather than grading the homework and using it to plan future instruction, the teachers at P. This year, my student Alex and his family worked together to create an amazing family book.
It can also allow parents or guardians to get involved in their children's learning. Which number is more accurate? The report explains that if there isn't a clear reason for the homework and the pupils won't necessarily gain something from doing it, then it should not be set. One thing you will not find in our school — homework assignments. They seem more patient with each other as well. Schools should strengthen their policies to ensure that teachers use homework properly. The homework myth: Why our kids get too much of a bad thing. Being a student myself for most of the 70s and 80s and a mother of a recent high-school graduate, I empathize with the argument that homework assignments are often random and can take unrealistic amounts of time to complete.
A balanced perspective most likely is the best response. Still, he says, different subjects call for different kinds of assignments. What are the arguments against homework? Enlightened homework helpers understand that it is better to help students to understand how to do the homework themselves, than to do it fully for them. As each new school year approaches I weigh the purpose of the assignments and consider if they are making a positive impact not only in my students learning, but also in my students home school connection with their parents. Further, when homework proceeds smoothly it can become 4 a positive aspect of your relationship with your child.
One option is changing the paradigm of assigned homework to infuse hands-on, student-led engagement with class lessons as a way of piquing student interest in the material. A similar call for action came from Bennett and Kalish 2006 in The Case Against Homework: How Homework Is Hurting Our Children and What We Can Do About It. They can also end up doing too much of the work themselves! In my third year of teaching, one of my students, Julissa, glued magazine pictures of people, but added her own families heads. Or are both of them way off? Homework is a complicated thing. Research has consistently shown that parental involvement in a child's learning is a key factor in that child's achievement in school. Other research has found little or no correlation between how much homework students report doing and how much homework their parents say they do.
Mary Jane Cera is the academic administrator for the Kino School, a private, nonprofit K-12 school in Tucson, Arizona, which maintains a no-homework policy across all grades. It can range from one hour or a little less per night in the lower school, to three hours or a little more per night in the upper school. But my opinions about homework have taken a complete 180 shift in thinking. In elementary schools homework should be light. Children need time — unstructured time.
Is that really worth the frustration, exhaustion, family conflict, loss of time for other activities, and potential diminution of interest in learning? I am living proof my story is a bit sad but it gives you a big reason to take homework away before it causes more damage. So, I think, right now concerns about homework, concerns about testing, concerns about academic pressure on kids are all kind of coming to the forefront. Parents' reported involvement in students' homework: Strategies and practices. I also have Family Game Night. You can use the following link to find more homework articles by Dr Sam Goldstein and Dr Sydney Zentall. He had a lot to share about the things he used to do with his uncle and it was obvious that he missed him very much. Standardized Testing One of the reasons that we continue to dole out mountains of homework, Kohn says, is our obsession with standardized tests.
This trend was reversed in the late 1950s when the Soviets' launch of Sputnik led to concern that U. The old adage that practice makes perfect seems to make sense when it comes to schoolwork. Moreover, some children may not be as attentive in class as they should be, making it harder for them to understand homework assignments and complete them in a timely fashion. They also point out that opponents believe schools have decided homework is necessary and thus assign it simply to assign some kind of homework, not because doing the work meets specifically-identified student needs. To put it the other way around, studies finding the biggest effect are those that capture less of what goes on in the real world by virtue of being so brief. See data provided -- but not interpreted this way -- by Cooper, The Battle Over Homework, 2nd ed.