These diversities naturally therefore are expressed in the formation of regional parties in order to bargain with the centre for a better deal. Role of Caste System: In India caste system has very deep roots. Colombia is the only exception. The Union cabinet is a smaller body of ministers which lies within the Council of Ministers, which is the most powerful set of people in the country, playing an instrumental role in legislation and execution alike. There are other parties in Britain than the Labor and Conservative but there role in national politics is too insignificant to matter. In his first major reaction after his party lost to the Congress in Delhi, Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh November, 1998 , senior leader and Home Minister L. Party Politics in America 14th ed.
Indira too had to encounter dramatic ups and downs and was out of favor of it the people for sometime. It has been a practice with the political leaders of India to float their separate political parties. To sum up, Federal coalition governments in India have by now come of age. In a number of states, Congress factions fought each other under the very nose of the High Command. Then another feature is that in the country even now there was single party dominant system. Maulana Abdullah Bukhari, the Shahi Imam of Jama Masjid, considered the victory of the Janata party a triumph of Hindu-Muslim unity. The Parliament is supreme and sovereign body and enjoys unlimited powers.
Out of all pressure groups, caste-based pressure groups had been powerful. In order to widen the gap, in the political field seats were reserved in the legislative bodies on religious basis. Governance and the sclerosis that has set in. The original Congress Party espoused moderate socialism and a planned, mixed economy. Evolution of Indian party system Morris Jones and Rajni Kothari call Indian party system as one party dominant system.
Indian Party System has been a fast changing and developing multi party system. Though Councils set up under the Acts were enlarged and it was hoped that these would provide sufficient feedback to law makers yet the whole process was very slow. This has resulted in political instability and fall of governments. Link: Rajya Sabha The two houses share legislative powers, except in the area of supply money where the Lok Sabha has overriding powers. Instead, the later are misled and misdirected. Through the electoral process, the people of India choose which representative and which political party should run the government.
Similar Ideological Perceptions: Almost all political parties have similar ideologies. All efforts made miserably failed till 1977. Since June 1996, a coalition, consisting of several regional parties and some national level parties has been ruling at the Centre. The German Democratic Party bridges the gulf between the Protestants and the Catholics in West Germany. The President can declare a state of emergency which enables the Lok Sabha to extend its life beyond the normal five-year term.
No force was effective enough to counter the nefarious designs. The question the country then faced was could such coalitions give a strong enough government to maintain the Centre's ascendancy over the states - something that was necessary to maintain India's cohesion and sense of national identity. When there are so much diverse cultures and tensions prevailing here, having just two alternatives will limit our options when both ideologies become obsolete. Political Defections: The evil of defections in the form of floor crossings after winning elections on particular party tickets, has been present in the Indian political system. If there were only one party, the responsibility would be clear but it could not be brought home because would be no alternative Government. The remainder of the house currently comprising 238 members - is elected indirectly by the state and territorial legislatures in proportion to the unit's population. .
The process of bringing corrupt politicians and Ministers has however, started with the coming to light what is know as multi crore Hawala case. The chapter elucidates the emergence of a coalitional multiparty system and the rise of ideological differences in the mobilization of party support based on appeals to caste, religion, region, and ethnicity. The vice-president is also elected by an electoral college, consisting of members of both houses of parliament. However, in 1980 elections, the Congress I secured a major victory and no other party could secure 63 seats required for getting the status of a recognised opposition party. It was not healthy of the success of parliamentary democracy. Besides, this provided it enormous legitimacy. Lack of Ideological Commitment: In India politics has become issue oriented rather than based on ideology.
National Front government formed 1991 Collapse of second National Front government. There is no strong logic to allow the person to contest from more than one seat. The party discipline is, at times, enforced and it takes the form of suspension or removal of the rebels or dissidents from membership for a period of six years or so. In 1945 it set up 306 candidates and won only twelve seats. The parliamentary system: What we have made of it, what we can make of it. According to this law, if a country has simple majoritarian type electoral system it results into two party system.
It has rarely been able to capture more than 50% of the votes, the remainder of which have been won by the opposition parties. The working of British democracy is, very largely, a function of the country's party system. In 1952, the vote share was of 3. The parties forming the coalition government other than the Jan Sangh raised this issue to the embarrassment of the Jan Sangh. By drawing seven or 8% of the electorate more secure by Congress I increased from 35% in 1977 to about 42. It appeared as if, north, south, east and west were different countries rather than one united India. Janata Party was also a coalition.