The Lieutenant-Governor may at his discretion nomi- nate persons to such of the remaining seats as shall not be filled by officials in such manner as shall in his opinion secure a fair re- presentation of the different classes of the community ; provided that one seat shall ordinarily be held by a representative of the great landholders of the Province. The act also provided limited powers to the Presidencies of Bengal and Madras and the Governor-General was authorized to create similar Councils for the Provinces of Frontier and the Punjab. The publication of a Bill may be suspended until it has been considered by the select Commitee and reported to the Council, if the Council at the time of referring it to the select Committee shall so order. However, the functions were limited to the legislation and it had not to do any other function except the consideration or enactment of legislative measures. Each bill as finally settled by the Council shall be signed by the Prasident and forwarded immediately to the Governor for his declaration that he assents to or with holds his assent from the same.
Indian Councils Act of 1861, provided that the Governments of Bombay and Madras be given power of nominating the Advocate-General and not less than 4 and not more than 8 additional members were to hold office for two years. The following observations exclusively refer to the arrange- ments which will now be made regarding the nomination to the four seats which will be made by the Lieutenant-Governor on the recommendation of District Boards and of Mofussil Municipalities. For executive functions the notable change was that Council of the Governor General was expanded and a fifth member was added. There are at present including the Advocate-General eight additional members of Council. A similar condition shall also apply to persons to be recommended by District Boards.
In the case of Bombay and Madras it was increased to not less than 8 and not more than 20. These views are not embo- died in the Bill, literatim et verbatim, but must be gathered from the speeches of representative men of both parties in the debates in both Houses. Any business not disposed of at the time of any adjourn- ment shall on the next meeting of the Council take priority of all other business whatever at such next meeting, unless other wise specially ordered by the Governor. The Governor shall transmit forthwith an authentic copy of every law or regulation Section 40 of the Act. An Act to make better Provision for the Constitution of the Council of the Governor-General of India, and for the Local Government of the several Presidencies and Provinces of India, and for the temporary Government of India in the event of a Vacancy in the Office of Governor-General.
So, this Act was an important constitutional development and the people of India came to be involved in the law malking process. Of the persons, other than the Advocate-General or officer acting in that capacity, to be nominated additional Mem- bers of Council by the Governor of Bombay for his assistance in making Laws and Regulations not more than nine shall be officials. The Corporation of Calcutta and the Senate of the University of Calcutta will now be asked by a separate communi- cation to recommend a person for nomination by the Lieutenant- Governor. The Corporation of Madras ; B. Now, there were to be between 6 and 12 additional members nominated by the Governor-General. It brought the whole of India under his control, but the Act had to face opposition from the Indians.
The President for sufficient reasons may suspend any of the foregoing rules. As there are two seats available for the Municipalities and Boards alike, His Excel- lency in Council considers that it will be advisable to divide both Municipalities and Boards into two groups a Northern and a Southern. Accordingly, in consulting the Local Governments on the subject, we first invited their opinion as to the several classes to which representation should be allotted, and then as to the number of non-official seats in the Councils which could be filled on the advice of recommending bodies, and the number which it was necessary to hold in reserve, with the view of redressing any inequality or defect to which the system of recommendation might lead. The nominations to seven seats shall be made by the Lieutenant-Governor on the recommendation of the following bodies and Association respectively, namely : A. He also decided that the Mughal successor to olicies had a great bearing on the outbreak of the revolt. We are not yet prepared to submit, for Your Lordship's consideration, regulations dealing with the Governor-General's Council, both because we wish, before doing so, to ascertain your views in regard to the draft regulations for Local Councils, which are enclosed in this despatch, and also because we have not yet received replies to all the letters which we addressed to the Provinces having no Legislative Councils of their own.
Unlike earlier invaders, the British never tried to became a part of the Indian society. To take charge of all the records of the Council. Regulations under Section 1 4 of the Indian Councils Act, 1892, for Bengal. The Assistant Secretary shall make an abstract of every petition so received. We shall, however, endeavour as far as possible, in the event of a Member being required for this Council from any of the four pro- vinces not having local Councils, to give that Member, by resort- ing as far as possible to the system of recommendation, a more representative character than would attach to him if he were arbi- trarily selected by the head of the Government. They lost their only source of livelihood.
Amendments shall be considered in the order of the Sections to which they relate. Indian Councils Act of 1892 The Indian Councils Act of 1892 was the first achievement of the Indian National Congress. Minto welcomed their 'representative character' and acknowledged and promoted the separate Muslim politics. The members were allowed to discuss the budget and criticize the financial policy of the government. The voting power of each of these representatives will be calculated by the income of the Municipalities concerned according to the follow- ing scale : Votes.
Any person desirous of being nominated to the Legislative Council should submit his name to one of the Municipalities or District Boards in the group wherein he resides. The number of additional members in the provinces was fixed between four to eight. The act provided for additional members in the central as well as provincial legislative councils. Affecting the discipline or maintenance of any part of Her Majesty's Military or Naval Forces : 7. In the last paragraph of your letter you ask my opinion upon the question whether the Council can be summoned for the purpose of a discussion of the Financial Statement, or of giving replies to questions, when no legislative business is before it. The President may rule, at his discretion, that an answer to a question on the Notice Paper, even though the question be not put, shall be given on the ground of public interest.