For the very first time, an element of election was sought to be introduced for the first time. We will see in detail about all the Government of India Acts. Thus was introduced the principle of representation. Lord Canning thus became the first Viceroy of India. The Secretary of State was now the political head of the India. It did not alter in any substantial way the system of government that prevailed in India.
Few viceroys found it necessary to assert their full despotic authority, since the majority of their councillors usually were in agreement. The Act said that the princes of the states could retain their former status and all agreements with the princes will be honoured. For all the communications between Britain and India, the Secretary of State became the real channel. It did not alter in any substantial way the system of that prevailed in India. You can complete the translation of government of india act 1858 given by the English-French Collins dictionary with other dictionaries such as: Wikipedia, Lexilogos, Larousse dictionary, Le Robert, Oxford, Grévisse. Government of India Act 1919 To increase the participation of Indians in to the Government of India British Parliament passed Government of India Act 1919.
Viscount Ennismore was the first and last Secretary of Burma, as Burma got independence in 1948. So, now the major demand of moderate leaders was Indianisation of higher services. So, next came the Charter Act of 1853 declared examination as the basis of examination. The India Office of the Secretary of State for India and Burma came to an end in 1947, when we got independence and now the Secretary of state of India and Burma was left to be Secretary of Burma. Along with this, a new office of Viceroy was created to work as a diplomat to parley with the princely states.
Bengal, Bombay and Madras were presidencies which had more powers than the provinces. However, overall majority of non-elected members remained intact. Examination pattern was framed as such that it became hurdle and challenge for the Indian. The Third Anglo-Burmese War ended in less than a month with the loss of hardly 20 lives, and on January 1, 1886, , a kingdom of greater area than Britain and with a population of some 4,000,000, was annexed by proclamation to British India. According to the provisions of the Government of India Act 1858, Secretary of States can be sued for his actions in India. So, India now came under the command of Secretary of State with its 15 members council. The Act declared the Secretary of State for India as a corporate body who could sue and be sued in England and in India.
By 1871 there were more than 300 tea plantations, covering in excess of 30,000 acres 12,000 hectares and producing some 3,000 tons of tea. Millions of peasants weaned from grain production now found themselves riding the boom-and-bust of a world-market economy. In 1863 there were only two jute mills in Bengal, but by 1882 there were 20, employing more than 20,000 workers. The council became an advisory body in India affairs. The door was thus left open for the Crown to step in any time and take over the administration from the hands of the Company.
Jiddu Krishnamurti and Annie Besant, 1926. British merchant ship, Bombay Mumbai , India British merchant ship approaching Bombay Mumbai Harbour; oil on canvas by J. Railroads also provided the military with swift and relatively assured access to all parts of the country in the event of emergency and were eventually used to transport grain for famine relief as well. Government of India Act of 1858 On 2, 1858, less than a month after Canning proclaimed the victory of British arms, passed the , transferring British power over India from the , whose was primarily blamed for the mutiny, to the crown. National Awakening was established in the extreme sense in the beginning of 20th Century. A minister of the British , called the secretary of , was made responsible for the of India. The first secretary of state for India and Burma was Lord Dundas.
In 1883 he the first Indian National Conference in Bengal, anticipating by two years the birth of the Congress Party on the opposite side of India. During the 1870s young leaders in Bombay also established a number of provincial political associations, such as the Poona Sarvajanik Sabha Poona Public Society , founded by 1842—1901 , who had graduated at the top of the first bachelor of arts class at the University of Bombay now in 1862. This was the cause of contention for the Board of Control. The Act ushered in a new period of Indian history, bringing about the end of Company rule in India. Because it ended the traditional leadership in India. The Council of the Governor General was expanded and a fifth ordinary member was added. British Crown adopted civil services as new name ie India Civil Services.
But public service commision in India was established by the act of 1919. Alternative Title: East India Company Acts Government of India Acts, succession of measures passed by the British Parliament between 1773 and 1935 to regulate the government of India. Though this was a new element of the act still it caused frustration among masses. What are Government of India Act There are three Government of India Acts were passed by the British Parliament for the efficient administration of India first government of India Act was passed in 1858 and the second one came in 1919 and third came in 1935 Indian Independence Act was in 1947. The people of India were promised their rights by Queen Victoria under this Act. Mindon, noted for the Fifth Buddhist Council at Mandalay in 1871 the first such council in some 1,900 years , was succeeded by a younger son, , who in February 1879 celebrated his ascendancy to the throne by having 80 siblings massacred.