All four approaches were reasonably well articulated, but the strongest case that was made was authored by William Crockett for the metaphorical view of Hell. But what is less clear, and what is not settled is what the Bible says about the nature of Hell. The four views literal, metaphorical, purgatorial, and conditional are represented by John F. He basic premise is that through Christ, we have eternal life, but in sin, we only have death and destruction. Maybe something about what happens after death, or even one on heaven, or something along those lines. Burk does well in grounding the traditional view in Scripture and spend the majority of the essay making exegetical observations of the key passages.
Thus we do well not to separate the doctrine of hell from other vital doctrines concerning the nature of man and the intermediate state. Annihilation, or terminal punishment, is covered by John Stackhouse. The Metaphorical View is presented by William Crockett who also is the general editor of the book. In this book, I was introduced to the concept of purgatory for sanctfied beievers who still need to be purged of indwelling sin. In this book, the Christian universalism view was also new to me.
It was interesting to read the varied viewpoints. The tradition of Catholicism speaks volumes in a belief that there is a purification stage for believers, not unbelievers, before they move on to Heaven. Each of the major essays included in this volume are unique in that all of the contributors offer explicit acknowledgement of the existence of Hell. Its existence has perhaps not been explicitly denied, but the standard approach in mainstream Christianity has frequently been to simply ignore it, perhaps hoping that it will eventually go away. Overall, this book kind of leaves me wondering.
The other two fell somewhere in the middle, but still lacked what is needed to present their cases strongly. Or are we just holding on to the beliefs we have been taught? Are they punished by fire and worms for all eternity? Or are we just holding on to the beliefs we have been taught? Overall, I'd say if you're interested in the subject, this is a worthy book to read. Each is presented, then critiqued. I received a review copy of this book in exchange for an honest review. In the early church, Origen, Clement of Alexandria, Gregory of Nyssa, and a multitude of others believed the fires of hell were in some sense remedial Many early Greek theologians actually believed in universal restoration, that everyone would be saved. Sprinkle's conclusion is very helpful, but in my opinion, far too generous to Denny Burk.
Summary for now: Denny Burk's argument is weak- very weak. That said it was still interesting. Overall this was a really interesting read. Roman Catholic theology adds to this concept the possibility of being aided in the cleansing process by those still alive on earth. Unfortunately for Stackhouse, some of the very Christians who defined orthodoxy, like Gregory of Nyssa, agree with Parry.
God doesn't stop loving people once they're in hell, does he? Our previous review of the Four Views On Hell, found here, was a part of the 2016 Counterpoint series. It is eye opening to the different Christian theologies. He does not agree with the view but feels Parry has done a good job of bringing into the arena of biblical exegesis and theology a view of hell traditionally thought to be heretical. There is a growing belief in annihilation among evangelicals, the concept of Christian universalism is gaining ground, and Protestants have been looking at the traditional Catholic view. But, as one author in the book puts it - allegorical or not, hell is still horrendous, i. He argues that it is like the Trinity, something that is not named, but is easily inferred from the texts, but he simply doesn't present any real scriptures that would suggest its existence. However, Lewis' Hell is totally at variance with countless biblical passages.
Like Nicholas, Augustine certainly changed what the Bible and the early church taught. Layperson and seminarian alike will benefit from a careful reading of this book. Finally, criticism will be offered on the basis of exegesis and rational coherence. The topic of Hell is easily one of the most theologically revealing conversations of our present day. I would specifically recommend beginning with Walls and ending with Parry.
This is the historical Universalist belief. John Stackhouse - Terminal Punishment: Dr. Perry argues for a Christian Universalism, a term I'm more familiar with is universal reconciliation - that Christ will eventually reconcile all to him, even those in hell. It can be hardly called apologetics. The doctrine of original sin is hardly a crowd pleaser yet remains a test of orthodoxy. I know that there is a first time for everything! And I kind of like it that way. Even with that confusion, the chapter was interesting since it was written by a Protestant, and not a Catholic.