Hence, it was decided to bring out a Compendium duly compiling all the above changes and information; so as to serve as a Ready Reckoner for the Forest Officers, User Agencies and the Public in general. Felling trees, grazing cattle, removing forest products, quarrying, fishing, and hunting are punishable with a fine or imprisonment. Important amendments are as follows: A No State Government or other authority may direct that any forest land may be assigned by way of lease or otherwise to any person, corporation or agency or organization not owned by the Government without prior approval of the Central Government. Proposals involving forest land of more than 40 ha. The Act provides for the constitution of advisory committee to advise the Government with regard to the grant of approved by the Central Government Sec.
The Indian Forest Act, 1927 The main objective of the Indian Forest Act 1927 was to secure exclusive state control over forests to meet the demand for timber. The term forest land included any area recorded as forest in the Government record irrespective of the ownership. The world forest covers all statutorily recognized forests whether designated as reserved, protected or otherwise for Section 2 i of the Act. B No forest land or any portion thereof may be cleared of trees which have grown naturally in that land or portion, for the purpose of using it for reforestation without prior approval of Central Government. The Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers Recognition of Forest Rights Act, 2006 The Act seeks to recognize and vest the forest rights and occupation in forest land in forest dwelling Scheduled Tribes and other traditional forest dwellers who have been residing in such forests for generations but whose rights could not be recorded. .
The proposals are examined and after due diligence the proposals are either approved or rejected within the framework of Forest Conservation Act, 1980 and its supporting rules and guidelines. No rights can be acquired in reserved forests except by succession or under a grant or contract with the government. Under this act prior approval of Central Government is required before any reserved forest is declared as dereserved or forest land is diverted to non-forest purposes. Try to avoid outside hyperlinks inside the comment. The Act defined state ownership, regulated its use, and appropriated the power to substitute or extinguish customary rights.
Forest Conservation Rules, 1981, amended 1992. These are national assets to be protected and enhanced for the well being of the people and Nation. Abstain from posting comments that are obscene, defamatory or inflammatory, and do not indulge in personal attacks. As per Section 2 of the Act, all ongoing non-forest activities within any forest, in any State throughout the country, without prior approval of the Centre, must cease forthwith. Since then, a lot of development has taken place by way of framing of Forest Conservation Rules and issue of Guidelines from time to time. Therefore, as far as possible,non-forest land should be selected for projects. Proposals involving forest land between 5 - 20 hectares shall be processed by the Regional Chief Consrvatorin consultation with a State Advisory Group consisting of representatives of the concerned State Government.
Non — compliance of provisions of section 2 of the act shall be punishable with simple imprisonment for a period which may extend upto 15 days. Section 2 of the Act provides that the State Government shall not make amendments except with the prior approval of the Central Government or any order directing thereon: i That any reserved forest or any portion thereof, shall cease to be reserved. This powerful legislation has, to a large extent, curtailed the indiscriminate logging and release of forestland for non-forestry purposes by state governments. Act was enacted with view to indiscriminate diversion of forest land to non-forest purposes. Tree falling in such plantation would however be governed by state acts and rules. Lands which are notified under section4 of the Indian Forest Act would also come within the purview of the Forest Conservation Act 1980.
Reserved forests are the most protected within these categories. But we need to be judicious while moderating your comments. Therefore, a need was felt for compilation of the Act, Rules, Guidelines and clarifications issued on various subjects by the Govt. The regional empowered committee shall decide the proposal involving diversion of forest land upto 40 ha. Any government department or any authority deemed to be guilty of the offence shall be liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly.
The Act facilitates three categories of forests, namely reserved forests, Village forests and protected forests. Please see Some important guidelines laid down in Forest Conservation Act and Rules for for non-forest purposes: These guidelines ensure that ecological considerations are in no way undermined whilre examining investment proposals. The act places restrictions on the power of the State Government concerning preservation of forests or use of forest land for non-forest purposes. The Act made the prior approval of the federal government necessary for de-reservation of reserved forests, logging and for use of forestland for non- forest purposes. In conclusion the forest should be looked upon as a source of revenue. C Scope of existing non-forest purposes has been extended to other areas of cultivation of tea, coffee, spices, rubber palms, medicinal plants etc. Section 2 of the act makes a provision of a prior approval of the Central Government necessary before a State Government or any other authority issues direction for dereservation of reserved forests which have been reserved under the Indian Forest Act 1927 , use of forest land for non — forest purpose, assigning forest land by way of lease or otherwise to any private person or to any authority, corporation, agency or any other organization not owned, managed or controlled by the government and clear felling of naturally grown trees.
The salient features of the Act are as follows: 1. Specific Information Forest Conservation The Forest Conservation Act,1980 as amended from time to time checks the indiscriminate diversion of forest land for non-forest purposes. Appeals against orders made under section 2 of the forest conservation act on or after the commencement of the National Green Tribunal Act 2010 lie with the National Green Tribunal. The Act was notified for operation with effect from 31. As the Government of Indid does not favour the diversion of forest land for non-forest purposes ,clearances under the forest act are very difficult to obtain. Forests are renewable natural sources. Salient Features of the Act: The Forest Conservation Act was enacted with a view to check further deforestation, which ultimately results in ecological imbalances, accordingly the provisions made therewith must apply to all forest irrespective of the nature of ownership for classification thereof.
The procedures along with formats for obtaining clearances under the act have been prescribed under the Forest Conservation Rules 2003 and 2004 which also has constituted a forest advisory committee and regional empowered committee. The numbers collated by the ministry show that the ministry cleared only 30 per cent of the total proposals it received in the last four years. Proposals involving more than 20 ha. The full texts can be found at. The amendment of 1988 shattered all the expectations of tribal communities and many voluntary agencies placed all the forest land under the jurisdiction of the forest department. Most of these untitled lands had traditionally belonged to the forest dwelling communities.
Sections 3 A and 3 B were added through the amendments of 1988, which deal with penalty for conservation of the provisions of the Act and offences by authorities and Government Department, respectively. The Forest Conservation Act 1980 was amended in 1988 to incorporate stricter panel provisions against violators. The Scheduled Tribes and other Traditional Forest Dwellers Recognition of Forest Rights Rules, 2008 for implementing the provisions of the Act were notified on 1. Help us delete comments that do not follow these guidelines. The views expressed in comments published on newindianexpress. Disclaimer : We respect your thoughts and views! Forest Conservation Act, 1980, amended 1988 In order to check rapid deforestation due to forestlands being released by state governments for agriculture, industry and other development projects allowed under the Indian Forest Act the central government enacted the Forest Conservation Act in 1980 with an amendment in 1988.