Above all, the age where the literature had shifted from being heavily religiously influenced like the mystery and morality plays of medievalism to writings that focused more on the controversial topics of that particular time, for instance the struggle of power, the celebration of the free individual and the scientific exploration of nature, the emerging renaissance ideals. When he was signing the bond, the good Angel came and tried to divert him to God, but he denied and did as it was his wish. There can be no doubt that the devil here represents the natural ideal of the Renaissance by appealing to the vague but healthy ambitions of a young soul which wishes to launch itself upon the wide world. For example, Faustus desires gold from the East Indies, pearls from the depth of the sea, pleasant fruit and princely delicacies from America. Marlowe expresses in this play both his fervent sympathy with that new spirit and ultimately his awed and pitiful recognition of the danger into which it could lead those who were dominated by it.
They believed in all or nothing. This movement was to break the darkness of medieval Europe, and at last the scholars succeeded. Towards the end of the play when the promised years of power and glory come to an end Faustus fears his eternal damnation and seems to feel remoarse and turn back but then it is too late to fret. In the medieval model, tradition and authority, not individual inquiry, were key. He was greatly influenced William Shakespeare, who was born in the same year as Marlowe and who rose to become the pre-eminent Elizabethan playwright after Marlowe's mysterious early death.
In order to gain more knowledge than he is entitled to, Faustus makes a contract with Lucifer, which brings about his damnation. Because Faustus gave his life and soul to satan himself for the sake of gaining greater knowledge is the proof that he is a Renaissance hero. Instead, he performs parlor tricks for the Emperor and plays practical jokes on the Pope. In the purest sense, Faustus wants to prove that he can become greater than he presently is. Marilyn Michaud in her critical study of the play comments that Renaissance man would have empathized with Faustus but would have agreed that he went too far.
Faustus had good appreciation about beauty and art of ancient Greece. In awe inspiring and terror, the play fulfils one of the true functions of tragedy. Through this, Marlowe endorses the medieval idea of not crossing religious boundaries and reverence to the supreme deity and gives the lesson that he who desires to be God, is doomed to eternal damnation which brings out the medieval aspect of the play yet again. It could also be said that Faustus represented the Renaissance man who lived between two worlds. He developed an in satiable thirst for further curiosity. During Renaissance the drama made a swift and wonderful leap into maturity. In the play, the protagonist, Doctor Faustus, is a well-respected German scholar who grows dissatisfied with his studies of medicine, law, logic and theology.
In medieval academy, theology was the queen of the science. He makes a pact with Mephistophilis to sell his soul to Lucifer in return of twenty-four years of absolute power. Marilyn Michaud in her critical study of the play comments that Renaissance man would have empathized with Faustus but would have agreed that he went too far. Thus, it could also be said that the chorus was making reference to Faustus attempting to outwit God just like Lucifer, being blinded by his pride. But why is this escape from the inevitable place? Faustus finds the Limits of the power, and it dissatisfies him. Individualism is also a dominant spirit of Renaissance. According to the medieval view, Faustus has a desire for forbidden knowledge.
Marlowe presents a man of commanding personality who is swayed by an overpowering passion. It is power that he flies and makes enquiry about cosmos etc. Faustus feels scare of his funny reaction to religion or Christianity. Faustus, written by Christopher, is the story of a man that represents the common human dissatisfaction with being human. In the Renaissance, though, secular matters took centre stage. From this point of view, Marlow's play is a dramatization of the medieval morality play, Everyman.
His desire, according to the Renaissance, is to transcend the limitations of humanity and rise to greater achievements and heights. They discriminate general or poor people. The world of medieval Christian where a set of rules were blindly followed which no longer existed for him. As the clock marks each passing segment of time, Faustus sinks deeper and deeper into despair. Because of his desire to go beyond human limitations, Faustus is willing to chance damnation in order to achieve his goals. Marlowe may be suggesting that the new, modern spirit, though ambitious and glittering, will lead only to a Faustian dead end.
The Renaissance man was fascinated by new learning and knowledge. Throughout the drama, his individuality is dominant. He would like them to bring gold from India, pearls from oceans and delicates from every part of the world. Faustus ignores the warnings of the good angel and pays more heed to the bad angel. It is in the realization of their emotions that the plays secure their great impressiveness. Unlike the medieval times, in renaissanceindividual achievement, quest for knowledge, and personal aspiration were the emerging values. He makes such bond for filling the desire of power, pelf, name and fame because Mephistophilis will serve him twenty four years,and he will make him a mighty god.