Historians say that the Sumerian civilization lasted from about 3500 to about 2000 bce. The most import accomplishment by which Egyptians are remembered today is the construction of. Politically, both Egypt and Mesopotamia had a government with one main ruler, but Egypt had a centralized government with a pharaoh, while Mesopotamia had a decentralized government with a king. The early Mesopotamian government of various towns and villages were democratic. Mesopotamia, who was constantly invaded by northern groups, was very unstable which made each empire become overpowered by another invader. Their child Horus was god of the sky; Set, their brother, was the god of chaos and of the desert; and Thoth, the god of writing and knowledge. First of all, the central role of… 1635 Words 6 Pages In this project I plan on exploring the contrasts and comparisons between the rise of Mesopotamia and Egypt.
See more about : ,. To conclude, the first two ancient civilizations, Mesopotamia and Egypt are not alike in character or quality. Visits to important temples, such as those at Luxor and Karnak, were also important pilgrimages. The Euphrates, Tigris, and the Nile deposited silt along riverbanks which made the adjoining land extremely fertile. Fertility Myths Throughout the ancient Near East there were common myths of fertility, or tales of death and rebirth that can be read as a metaphor or symbol of the death and rebirth of vegetation during the seasons of the year.
On the other hand, Mesopotamia was built in the fertile area between Tigris and Euphrates River. Marduk was the deity at the center for the annual 's Festival, held at the spring equinox. Individually, both societies developed their own form of writing using pictographs, where symbols stood for words. Osiris: The god of the dead and of resurrection, he is also the ruler of the Underworld. Mesopotamia was always a loose collection of separate states, often unified only in the sense that they shared the same religion and writing system. Here, it was thought that Atum created himself out of the void, and then either spit or sneezed out Shu, the god of air, and Tefnut, the goddess of moisture.
These all help to give an overview of the religion. Religion during the During the period of the Old Kingdom c. Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt are an important part of history where society can learn more about how things began. But in practical terms, he appointed priests as his representatives to serve at the various temples. Birth was an occasion for much religious care. He did not, however, engineer the destruction of the Sumerian gods. Later Babylonian religion also assumed that resurrection, or physical life after death, was possible.
Ancient Egypt and Ancient Mesopotamia Similarities Ancient Mesopotamia and have fascinated historians down the ages as both civilizations were rich in and contributed much to the development and enrichment of the civilizations in the east and the west. Commoners also gave personal worship to the gods. While both civilizations differed as in social structure of their society and government structure; they also had similar aspects as in cultural development. The grandiose achievements of Ancient Egypt sometimes overshadow the equally phenomenal, although somewhat smaller scale achievements of Ancient Mesopotamia. It was the duty of the pharaoh to interpret the word of the gods in order to establish order and justice.
These contrasts included geographic orientation, cultural emphases, political organization and other aspects. This class in Egypt developed around people who held particular jobs. The god's desires and wishes were interpreted by political leaders called ensi and by a priestly class. The political and social structures of Egypt and Mesopotamia both similarities and differences. Pharaoh was considered as a living god and a link between humanity and the other gods. This text tells of the mythical exploits of Gilgamesh, a king of Uruk, from about 2700 bce and deals with the behavior of the gods towards him.
It influenced all later religious tradition, not only with its gods some of whom, such as Inanna, were adapted into later religious traditions , but also with its central myths. In Egyptian religion the primary god was Amen Amon or Amun , king of the gods. Among the gods often seen with ankhs are Osiris, Isis, Ra, Hathor, and Anubis. Slaves and servants filled the lower class. The royal scribe Nekht associates the Egyptian sun god Ra also spelled Re with love and joy. So, like most early , Mesopotamia did not treat the women well as the Egyptians did.
The sculptures were sometimes accompanied by inscriptions that called upon the winged bulls to deter enemies and protect the king. It is often present in tomb carvings and other artwork. In contrast, Egypt allowed women many more rights. Hierarchy of deities In Mesopotamia, deities were being ranked according to their power and greatness. Finally, Mesopotamia and Egypt's government was different because Mesopotamia was divided into city-states while Egypt was a united and confederate state.
Pharaohs, such as Seti I reigned 1318—04 bce , built temples. The Egyptians mostly focused on hieroglyphics and medicine. An-cient Egypt on its part was a civilisation in the Mediterranean region, specifically in Northeastern Africa. Not all the rituals have been recorded, but it seems there was also a parade through the streets of the city with the king holding the hand of the statue of Marduk. Both rulers gained power not only from their relationship with the gods, but from the economic strength of their kingdoms, which was based on farming and the specialization of technology. Because of this, the Mesopotamians felt that nature was dangerous and far beyond the control of mere humans. In addition to being connected with some aspect of nature, they also had a responsibility for different spheres of human activity.