It provides a complete guideline for the students, teachers, learning activities and many more. The Realist believes in a world of Things or Beings metaphysics and in truth as an Observable Fact. Central to the thought of Aquinas was the Judeo- Christian belief that each person is born with an immortal soul. Textbook and Teachers — important agencies of education; teacher training schools are founded 10. Hence only those subjects should be taught which are necessary.
One tiny grain of truth is worth more than volumes of opinion. They are rather the essences or archetypes which give form to cosmos. Secondary schools and university 4. The realist prefers to use inductive logic, going from the particular facts of sensory experience to the more general laws deducible from these data. In this concept idealism more to do this idea as metal state. Idealism lays more emphasis on thinking and mental activities. Rather than concern themselves with social change and educational progress they are most concerned with preserving and adding to the body of organized truth they feel has been accumulated.
Void ness and non-existence also are the parts of existence. This underlying divine force maintains the existence and working of all entities. Parents should introduce children to the love of God as reflected in their own lives and as revealed in nature. Philosophers say that mind has lot of scope for enrichment elevation and creativity. It denies the existence of a spiritual universe — the universe of ideas and values.
The above discussion clearly shows that Idealism has merits as well as demerit. They apprehend reality as it is in its own nature. It avoids the real problem day to day living. Both are important in any effective adjustment to the real world and in any adequate control of our experience. The one functions largely at the level of sense perception, the other more especially at the conceptual level.
Like Plato, Aristotle was concerned with logic. Vocational and technical subjects have made education liberal. The naturalists say that there are two methods of teaching — the positive and the negative. Rousseau has exerted great influence on education in its manifold aspects. In the present world of today which is full of stresses, strains, conflicts, envies and material struggles, the need of idealistic education is greatly essential for peaceful living of human beings devoted to social good and national welfare. According to him, it is the function of schools to promote and maintain morality and the historical tradition to preserve and develop its achievements more and more. Like Courbet, he was an democrat, and he used his skill as a caricaturist directly in the service of political aims.
The naturalists see things as they are. To the naturalists, formal education is artificial and vicious. Contribuciones educativas de la Edad Media; 6. Pedagpoium — secondary school for science and language 11. For example, realists set the school aside as a special place for the accumulation and preservation of knowledge. Idealists give greater importance to spiritual values in comparison with material attainments. This is self- realization in the true sense of the term.
He gives a very high place to science. The realists have been deeply concerned with the problems of epistemology. Decision-making — to train the aristocratic youth to make sound and practical judgement, proper decisions and right choices 3. . A teacher should be such that he himself is educated and well versed with the customs of belief and rights and duties of people, and the trends of all ages and places. Even in modern times when people are not inclined towards accepting any dogmatic creed or philosophy, idealism has certain attractions which appeal to the human mind and thereby exercise a great influence on human thinking. Michael de Montaigne 1533-1592 advocates social realism.
Emphasis on training of senses- --Unlike idealist who impose knowledge from above, realist advocate self learning through senses which ought to be trained. That is why realists often appear to be skeptics, Pessimists and objectionists, Realism encourages formalism. Specimens brought back by the astronauts are studied intensively. It is not unlike a giant machine in which man is both participant and spectator. This can be done by teaching both the materials and their application.
It believes that whatever is real is independent. This is done through the process of self-estrangement. Humanistic Realism Developing Realism in Education: Developing Realism in Education Social Realism Social Realism in education is the reaction against a type of education that produces scholars and professional men to the neglect of the man of affairs i. The question arises- Is there no power behind this material world? The teacher has no significant role to play. He wanted to teach physical exercise, intellectual exercise with the help of literature, language, history, geography, science and mathematics along with ethics for moral development.