Most of the slaves came to the states through northern ports on northern ships. The general consensus is that slavery was responsible for the war, where the North fought to end the practice while the South fought to maintain it because it benefited economically from it. However, they did not have many strong leaders on the battlefield and Lincoln was continuously trying to find a commander of the army he fired many of them. Compare and Contrast Essay on the North and South The United States before the civil war was basically split into two regions, the North and the South. They usually were in businesses that manufactured war supplies.
It abolishes slavery and involuntary servitude but still allows for both as forms of punishment. An animated map of the U. This led to disorganization and no strong leadership or ruling to occur in the south. These tactics forced even more southerners into the cities, starving and with no resources to care for themselves. This made traveling much more easy and reliable.
Naval battles occurred along the Atlantic Coast, the Gulf Coast, and the Mississippi River. Delegates at the meeting draw up a. Most of the northern states had slaves. The subgroups on each side will then collaborate in coming up with a class presentation in which they demonstrate why they believe their side is likely to win the war. They often were in charge of the garden and chickens. Most of the Civil War was fought in the South.
Why might this make a difference in determining the overall military balance? Union General William Tecumseh Sherman captured Atlanta and then marched to the Atlantic Ocean. The cities in the areas offering manufacturing jobs experienced major population growth which triggered extensive housing and urban development, and provided an economic environment conducive to the establishment of a middle-class made up of skilled and white-collar workers. The Southern Home Front of the Civil War. Lee was pursued by Grant until, on April 9th 1865, Lee finally surrendered. There were men who could fix equipment, make weapons, repair railroads and supply routes, and build bridges and camps. Strong, experienced Confederate leadership in their practiced military, and the overall will power to protect their way of life would prove to be their reatest assets. Fewer than six months later, Confederate soldiers opened fire on Fort Sumter, thus beginning the Civil War.
On the eve of the conflict, the North controlled three-fourths of both the nation's wealth and the nation's railways. The population of the Northern states was more than twice that of the Southern states. What were the causes of the war? For generations, the sons of wealthy southerners had gone north to attend the U. Large numbers of young men from every northern state volunteered to keep the nation whole. Slavery was an institution the states inherited from the British. For decades prior to the war, tensions between the North and South continued to escalate as both regions traveled down different paths of advancement. This was the last attempt by the Confederates to play offense in the war and the rest of the time they were forced to play defense.
As early as 1858 Senator James Henry Hammond of South Carolina told his Senate colleagues that no country would dare to make war on the South. Land that might have been used to produce foodstuffs was devoted to cotton. In the Civil War, many of the army leaders were West Point classmates, and like their solders, ended up fighting friend against friend, even brother against brother. Other laws, such as the , which impractically regulated paper money, and the , which forced colonists to house and feed British troops, caused additional discord between the 13 colonies and the crown abroad. That is because the southern states all opted to have no national government and just have states rule.
Both sides only allow men to join the army. There were no longer any slaves in the south. They wanted to abolish slavery. As a result, towns were developed slower and trading centers were rarer than in the North. Northerners and Southerners developed individual cultures. Upon completion of this lesson, students should be able to write a five-paragraph essay answering the following question: Based on what you have learned in this lesson, which side would you say possessed the overall advantage at the start of the Civil War? Voices from the Civil War.
How can these characteristics be compared and contrasted? Their wealth in slaves, land, and crops gave them great power. The Emancipation Proclamation would eliminate slavery, but for the first half of the century, the issue divided the South and North. Gettysburg occurred when Lee's troops marched into Pennsylvania in July 1863 and decided to charge at the Union. Result Union victory, Territorial integrity preserved, Reconstruction, Slavery abolished, Union President Abraham Lincoln assassinated 13 colonies gained independence from British Empire, United States of America formed, indirectly caused the French Revolution, George Washington appointed first president of the United States of America Major Battles Antietam, First and Second Bull Run also known as First and Second Manassas , Chancellorsville, Chickamauga, Corinth, Fort Sumter, Fredericksburg, Gettysburg, Shiloh, Vicksburg, Wilson's Creek and the Battle of Appomattox Lexington, Concord, Bunker Hill, Yorktown. By contrast, 80 percent of Southerners were employed in agriculture, compared to just 40 percent in the North in 1860.
Direct students to the website and follow the directions on the page. Slaves in New Jersey were freed in 1865, by the Thirteenth Amendment. General Lee felt the struggle to be futile and the advances of the north to have taken too many lives. A plantation owner might have a manager in direct oversight of the slaves, but he decided the work to be done, crops to be planted and harvested, items to be repaired, etc. During the Revolutionary War, estimates of colonial dead range between 18,000 and 27,000, many through illness and exposure, while the wounded were estimated to be between 20,000 and 35,000 men. This lack of good leadership led some losses on the battlefield. It was repulsed by the Union army's heavy artillery fire.