Site of the Battle of Hastings in East Sussex The Battle of Hastings was fought on 14 October 1066 between the Norman-French army of , and an English army under the King , beginning the. The story has two versions, in one of which Taillefer entertained the Norman army prior to the battle by juggling a sword but then killed an English soldier sent to kill him. The is an embroidered narrative of the events leading up to Hastings probably commissioned by Odo of Bayeux soon after the battle, perhaps to hang at the bishop's palace at Bayeux. In the north-east of England, he ordered villages to be destroyed and people to be killed. The English made the mistake of following them.
Another story relates that Harold was buried at the top of a cliff. The relates a different story for the death of Gyrth, stating that the duke slew Harold's brother in combat, perhaps thinking that Gyrth was Harold. Later lists of are extant, but most are padded with extra names; only about 35 named individuals can be reliably identified as having been with William at Hastings. In 1976 the estate was put up for sale and purchased by the government with the aid of some American donors who wished to honour the 200th anniversary of American independence. Just over two weeks before, William, the duke of Normandy, had invaded England, claiming his right to the English throne.
Even recently, the Channel 4 docu-drama Battle for Middle Earth 2009 portrayed the Conquest as the struggle of plucky English underdogs against the nasty Normans. The couched lance, carried tucked against the body under the right arm, was a relatively new refinement and was probably not used at Hastings; the terrain was unfavourable for long cavalry charges. Significance Short-term The Harrying of the North Some English people rebelled against the new ruler including Hereward the Wake in East Anglia and Eadric the Wild in Shropshire. They used spears, axes and swords but also farm tools such as pitchforks. The jester was juggling his sword while singing to the English troops.
There were rebellions in Exeter in late 1067, an invasion by Harold's sons in mid-1068, and an uprising in Northumbria in 1068. Some earls also had their own forces of housecarls. After two whole weeks of waiting Harold Godwin eventually reached the south. The final division, on the right, consisted of the Frenchmen, along with some men from , , and. It is unclear when Harold learned of William's landing, but it was probably while he was travelling south.
Over time, the frontiers of the duchy expanded to the west. This gave them great power, and enabled them to rebel against the king. Another possibility is a Roman road between London and Lewes and then over local tracks to the battlefield. Of the Englishmen known to be at the battle, the number of dead implies that the death rate was about 50 per cent of those engaged, although this may be too high. The Norman Conquest: A New Introduction. Three men wanted to be king of England.
Harold had spent mid-1066 on the south coast with a large army and fleet waiting for William to invade. William of Poitiers says the tactic was used twice. In the end William won, but can you think of any reasons why? The battle of Hastings took place on October 14th 1066. Whether this was due to the inexperience of the English commanders or the indiscipline of the English soldiers is unclear. Moonrise that night was not until 11:12 pm, so once the sun set, there was little light on the battlefield. After further marching and some skirmishes, William was crowned as king on Christmas Day 1066. Most fighting was done hand -to —hand.
The tapestry was made in the 11th century but is remarkably well preserved. Discover Britain is published 6 times a year. The fyrd and the housecarls both fought on foot, with the major difference between them being the housecarls' superior armour. Harold was elected king by the of England and crowned by , the , although Norman propaganda claimed that the ceremony was performed by , the uncanonically elected. A few ships were blown off course and landed at , where the Normans fought the local fyrd.
It took place approximately 7 miles 11 kilometres northwest of , close to the present-day town of , and was a decisive victory. The Normans: The History of a Dynasty. The name traditionally given to the battle is unusual — there were several settlements much closer to the battlefield than Hastings. After the battle of Stamford Bridge, Harold Godwin heard some bad news. Modern historians have offered a range of estimates for the size of William's forces: 7,000—8,000 men, 1,000—2,000 of them cavalry; 10,000—12,000 men; 10,000 men, 3,000 of them cavalry; or 7500 men. Analysis continues on the other remains to try and build up a more accurate picture of who the individuals are.
The Normans eventually won by using an old trick of pretending to retreat. The first was , Edward the Confessor's great nephew who was a patrilineal descendant of King. There is an alleged grave site at Waltham Abbey, but the precise whereabouts of his body is still disputed today. Harold appears to have tried to surprise William, but scouts found his army and reported its arrival to William, who marched from Hastings to the battlefield to confront Harold. The battlefield and abbey grounds are currently owned and administered by and are open to the public. Some historians have argued that the story of the use of feigned flight as a deliberate tactic was invented after the battle; most historians agree that it was used by the Normans at Hastings. A contemporary document claims that William had 776 ships, but this may be an inflated figure.