The difference between what appears to be and what actually is true. His reassuring tone alone with parallelism, biblical allusions and personification allow him to help unify the divided country and chastise the South. The man who removes a mountain begins by carrying away small stones. Direct or indirect reference to something which is presumably commonly known, such as an event, book, myth, place, or work of art. Definition Style Term The manner in which words are arranged into sentences. Circular Argument An argument that commits the logical fallacy of assuming what it is attempting to prove. Ex: Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers.
Example: American Airlines, Best Buy, Coca-Cola 2. Setting up a straw man diverts attention from the real issue Tricolon Sentence consisting of three parts of equal importance and length, usually three independent clauses Syntactic Permutation Sentence structures that are extraordinarily complex and involved. Definition Aphorism Term A pattern of writing or speaking which is characterized by reason or logic, and asserts a position, belief, or conclusion. Can explain something unfamiliar by associating it with to pointing out its similarity to something more familiar. Can I use it in my writing? Red herring When a writer raises an irrelevant issue to draw attention away from the real issue Persona A writer oftens adopts a fictional voice or mask to tell a story.
Today, at the mention of his name, his foes recall his moral lapses--but those lapses have nothing to do with his policies and decisions while in office. Ex: the cause of a war and its effects on a national economy. Saturday Night Live, Mad Magazine The branch of linguistics that studies the meaning of words, their historical and psychological development, their connotations, and their relation to one another. Perhaps it can create a mood. Definition Rhetorical pattern Term The arrangement or framework of a sentence, paragraph, or entire work. A writer may want a reader to sympathize with a character and employ a pathetic appeal to inspire feelings of pity, sympathy, or sadness. Note that if the answer choice is directly stated, it is not inferred and is wrong.
An author may use complex imagery while simultaneously employing other figures of speech, especially metaphor and simile. There are roaches infesting the office of a pest control service. The true purpose of imagery is to create a visual imagination of the scenarios or things being described. Click it to see your results. Definition Satire Term An artful deviation from the ordinary arrangement of words anaphora, anastrophe, antithesis are some examples of themes. Definition Rhetorical Question Term Harsh, cutting language or tone intended to ridicule.
France also spotted some colonies in the Americas. Terms When do I use it? When well done, sarcasm can be witty and insightful; when poorly done, it's simply cruel. Definition Idiom Term The use of figures of speech to create vivid images that appeal to one of the senses. Diction, combined with syntax, figurative language, literary devices, etc. A terse statement of known authorship which expresses a general truth or a moral principle.
Definition Parralelism Term A humorous imitation of a serious work Wierd Al Yankovich's songs, and the Scary Movie series are examples. On a physical level, imagery uses terms related to the five senses; we refer to visual, auditory, tactile, gustatory, or olfactory imagery. Satire targets groups rather than individuals Straw Man When a writer argues against a claim that nobody actually holds or is universally considered weak. Definition Declarative Sentence Term Reasoning in which a conclusion is reached by stating a general principle and then applying the principle to a specific case The sun rises every morning; therefore, the sun will rise on Tuesday morning. A Syllogism's conclusion is valid only if each of the two premises is valid. I don't know what-all sounds were involved, but my spouse says she hurried in and there was popcorn all over the couch and I was down on one knee and my eyeballs looked like novelty-shop eyeballs.
The four most common rhetorical modes and their purposes are as follows: 1 The purpose of exposition or expository writing is to explain and analyze information by presenting an idea, relevant evidence, and appropriate discussion. Definition Malapropism Term A concise statement, often offering advice; an adage. May be historical, literary, religious, topical, or mythical. Personification is used to make these abstractions, animals, or objects appear more vivid to the reader. We can analyze and describe an author's personal style and make judgments on how appropriate it is to the author's purpose. The basic divisions of literature are prose, poetry, and drama.
Poetry can be divided into lyric, dramatic, narrative, epic, etc. The president manipulates several rhetorical strategies and devices to achieve his purpose. Cards Term The word choices made by a writer can be described as: formal, semi-formal, ornate, informal, technical, etc. This demonstrates that either side did not bring on the war, because the war came by itself. I can answer in one word. Ex: In Oedipus Rex, both Oedipus and Iocaste recall previous events. In general, there are three major types of irony used in language; 1 In verbal irony, the words literally state the opposite of the writer's or speaker's true meaning.